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An Overview of Antibiotic Resistance and Abiotic Stresses Affecting Antimicrobial Resistance in Agricultural Soils

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Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture, Shiraz University, 71946-85111 Shiraz, Iran
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Eurasion Center for Food Security, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
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Soil Science Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Modern Sciences, The Islamic Azad University of Tehran Medical Sciences, 19496-35881 Tehran, Iran
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Department of Soil Science, University of Tehran, 14179-35840 Tehran, Iran
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Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Higher Education Center of Eghlid, Eghlid 73819-43885, Iran
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Department of Agriculture Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Elena Rada and Maria Cristina Collivignarelli
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(8), 4666; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084666
Received: 29 December 2021 / Revised: 22 January 2022 / Accepted: 25 January 2022 / Published: 12 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Review in Environment and Applied Ecology)
Excessive use of antibiotics in the healthcare sector and livestock farming has amplified antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as a major environmental threat in recent years. Abiotic stresses, including soil salinity and water pollutants, can affect AMR in soils, which in turn reduces the yield and quality of agricultural products. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of antibiotic resistance and abiotic stresses on antimicrobial resistance in agricultural soils. A systematic review of the peer-reviewed published literature showed that soil contaminants derived from organic and chemical fertilizers, heavy metals, hydrocarbons, and untreated sewage sludge can significantly develop AMR through increasing the abundance of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARBs) in agricultural soils. Among effective technologies developed to minimize AMR’s negative effects, salinity and heat were found to be more influential in lowering ARGs and subsequently AMR. Several strategies to mitigate AMR in agricultural soils and future directions for research on AMR have been discussed, including integrated control of antibiotic usage and primary sources of ARGs. Knowledge of the factors affecting AMR has the potential to develop effective policies and technologies to minimize its adverse impacts. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic resistance; antimicrobials; agriculture; livestock; abiotic stress; salinity; heat; soil pollutants; bioremediation antibiotic resistance; antimicrobials; agriculture; livestock; abiotic stress; salinity; heat; soil pollutants; bioremediation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kaviani Rad, A.; Astaykina, A.; Streletskii, R.; Afsharyzad, Y.; Etesami, H.; Zarei, M.; Balasundram, S.K. An Overview of Antibiotic Resistance and Abiotic Stresses Affecting Antimicrobial Resistance in Agricultural Soils. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4666. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084666

AMA Style

Kaviani Rad A, Astaykina A, Streletskii R, Afsharyzad Y, Etesami H, Zarei M, Balasundram SK. An Overview of Antibiotic Resistance and Abiotic Stresses Affecting Antimicrobial Resistance in Agricultural Soils. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(8):4666. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084666

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kaviani Rad, Abdullah, Angelika Astaykina, Rostislav Streletskii, Yeganeh Afsharyzad, Hassan Etesami, Mehdi Zarei, and Siva K. Balasundram. 2022. "An Overview of Antibiotic Resistance and Abiotic Stresses Affecting Antimicrobial Resistance in Agricultural Soils" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 8: 4666. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084666

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