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Article

Physical Activity Pattern Characterized by Domains and Dimensions of the Roma Population in Comparison with That of the General Population in Northeast Hungary

1
Institute of Sport Economics and Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
2
MTA-DE Public Health Research Group, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
3
Department of Statistics and Methodology, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
4
Department of Health Methodology and Public Health, Faculty of Health, University of Debrecen, 4400 Nyíregyháza, Hungary
5
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
6
Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(6), 3545; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063545
Received: 17 February 2022 / Revised: 9 March 2022 / Accepted: 11 March 2022 / Published: 16 March 2022
Our study focuses on examining physical activity, as one of the most influential health determinants by domains and dimensions among Roma, the largest vulnerable ethnic minority in Europe. The study was carried out on a sample representative of the Hungarian Roma (HR) population (n = 350) living in segregated colonies in Northeast Hungary in comparison with the Hungarian general (HG) population sample (n = 343) from the same region. Data were collected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) long-form and physical activity was quantified as MET-min/week. Scores were calculated for walking, moderate and vigorous-intensity activities for each domain (work, transport, domestic and gardening, leisure) and as an overall total. The HR population—similarly to the HG—is characterized by moderate or high physical activity; however, this level is achieved by work and housework/gardening instead of leisure time activities, which is worryingly low among HR females, but its prevalence is significantly (p < 0.001) lower in both sexes than among the HG population in the vigorous activity category. HR men move (walk and cycle) significantly more during transport than HG men. Our results may direct the attention of decision-makers to improve the health of Roma by increasing leisure-time physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ); Roma; Metabolic Equivalent Task minutes per week (MET); physical activity dimensions; physical activity domains physical activity; International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ); Roma; Metabolic Equivalent Task minutes per week (MET); physical activity dimensions; physical activity domains
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bácsné Bába, É.; Pikó, P.; Müller, A.; Ráthonyi, G.; Balogh, P.; Kósa, Z.; Kovács, N.; Sándor, J.; Ádány, R.; Bács, Z. Physical Activity Pattern Characterized by Domains and Dimensions of the Roma Population in Comparison with That of the General Population in Northeast Hungary. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3545. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063545

AMA Style

Bácsné Bába É, Pikó P, Müller A, Ráthonyi G, Balogh P, Kósa Z, Kovács N, Sándor J, Ádány R, Bács Z. Physical Activity Pattern Characterized by Domains and Dimensions of the Roma Population in Comparison with That of the General Population in Northeast Hungary. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(6):3545. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063545

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bácsné Bába, Éva, Péter Pikó, Anetta Müller, Gergely Ráthonyi, Péter Balogh, Zsigmond Kósa, Nóra Kovács, János Sándor, Róza Ádány, and Zoltán Bács. 2022. "Physical Activity Pattern Characterized by Domains and Dimensions of the Roma Population in Comparison with That of the General Population in Northeast Hungary" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 6: 3545. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063545

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