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Review

Time to Sleep?—A Review of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep and Mental Health

1
Department of Microbiology, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 400012 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Department of Physiology, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 400012 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Pedro Silva Moreira, Pedro Morgado, Pedro R Almeida and Ary Gadelha
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(6), 3497; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063497
Received: 28 January 2022 / Revised: 10 March 2022 / Accepted: 14 March 2022 / Published: 16 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Emotional Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic)
Sleep is intrinsically tied to mental and overall health. Short sleep duration accompanies the modern lifestyle, possibly reaching epidemic proportions. The pandemic and subsequent lockdowns determined a fundamental shift in the modern lifestyle and had profound effects on sleep and mental health. This paper aims to provide an overview of the relationship between sleep, mental health and COVID-19. Contrasting outcomes on sleep health have been highlighted by most reports during the pandemic in the general population. Consequently, while longer sleep durations have been reported, this change was accompanied by decreases in sleep quality and altered sleep timing. Furthermore, an increased impact of sleep deficiencies and mental health burden was generally reported in health care workers as compared with the adult general population. Although not among the most frequent symptoms during the acute or persistent phase, an increased prevalence of sleep deficiencies has been reported in patients with acute and long COVID. The importance of sleep in immune regulation is well known. Consequently, sleep deficiencies may influence multiple aspects of COVID-19, such as the risk, severity, and prognosis of the infection and even vaccine response. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; sleep deprivation; sleep duration; sleep quality; COVID-19; mental health sleep; sleep deprivation; sleep duration; sleep quality; COVID-19; mental health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Neculicioiu, V.S.; Colosi, I.A.; Costache, C.; Sevastre-Berghian, A.; Clichici, S. Time to Sleep?—A Review of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep and Mental Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3497. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063497

AMA Style

Neculicioiu VS, Colosi IA, Costache C, Sevastre-Berghian A, Clichici S. Time to Sleep?—A Review of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep and Mental Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(6):3497. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063497

Chicago/Turabian Style

Neculicioiu, Vlad S., Ioana A. Colosi, Carmen Costache, Alexandra Sevastre-Berghian, and Simona Clichici. 2022. "Time to Sleep?—A Review of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sleep and Mental Health" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 6: 3497. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063497

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