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Article

A Longitudinal Study on the Addictive Behaviors of General Population before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in China

by 1, 2 and 3,4,5,*
1
Institute of Population and Labor Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100006, China
2
School of Statistics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
3
School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
4
Beihang Hangzhou Innovation Institute Yuhang, Hangzhou 310023, China
5
MoE Key Laboratory of Complex System Analysis and Management Decision, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elisardo Becoña Iglesias
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 5979; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105979
Received: 13 March 2022 / Revised: 27 April 2022 / Accepted: 12 May 2022 / Published: 14 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Emotional Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic)
By using nationally representative longitudinal data, this study investigates the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the addictive behaviors (smoking and drinking) of the general population in China. From the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) 2018 and 2020, we extract a sample of individuals over 16 years of age in China, consisting of 14,468 individuals and 28,936 observations. We decompose the sample into three age groups, that is, ages between 16 and 39, ages between 40 and 59 and ages above 60. The bootstrap method is used to estimate the confidence interval of the difference in the mean of addictive behaviors, and logit models are used in the regression analysis. Our results show that the COVID-19 pandemic reduces the smoking behavior of individuals above 40 years of age, and that it reduces the drinking behavior of individuals above 16 years of age. However, the pandemic increases the smoking behavior of individuals between 16 and 39 years of age. These results may be closely related to the characteristics of COVID-19 (that is, a respiratory system disease), the working and economic pressures of young Chinese and the role of drinking alcohol in building and maintaining social networks in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; addictive behavior; smoking; drinking; China COVID-19 pandemic; addictive behavior; smoking; drinking; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Ma, Z.; Wang, C. A Longitudinal Study on the Addictive Behaviors of General Population before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5979. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105979

AMA Style

Wang X, Ma Z, Wang C. A Longitudinal Study on the Addictive Behaviors of General Population before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):5979. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105979

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Xiaoyu, Zaifei Ma, and Chunan Wang. 2022. "A Longitudinal Study on the Addictive Behaviors of General Population before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 5979. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105979

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