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Article

Physical Activity and BMI before and after the Situation Caused by COVID-19 in Upper Primary School Pupils in the Czech Republic

1
Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Education, Jan Evangelista Purkyně University in Ústí nad Labem, České mládeže 8, 400 96 Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
2
Department of Pedagogy, Faculty of Education, West Bohemia University in Pilsen, Chodské náměstí 1, 306 14 Pilsen, Czech Republic
3
Department of Didactics, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University in Prague, José Matího 31, 162 52 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stuart Fairclough
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 3068; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053068
Received: 28 November 2021 / Revised: 25 February 2022 / Accepted: 28 February 2022 / Published: 5 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children, Physical Activity, Exercise and Obesity)
Regular physical activity is a very important factor in the healthy development of an individual and an essential part of a healthy lifestyle. However, today’s population still suffers from an insufficient amount of exercise caused mainly by technological progress and often inappropriate conditions for practising sports. In relation to this, we are grappling with a steady increase in obesity. During the COVID-19 pandemic, conditions for regular physical activity became even more unfavourable, with the declaration of a state of emergency and antipandemic measures leading to the closure of sports grounds and sporting competitions. Using a questionnaire survey of a sample of children (n = 1456), we found that, already before the pandemic, 69% of the observed sample had not met the recommended amount of physical activity, and only 67% of the sample was of normal weight. By comparing both groups after the end of pandemic restrictions, we found statistically significant differences at examined indicators of the children’s Body Mass Index (BMI), their physical activity, and free time spending habits. We noticed the significant differences in BMI indicators in two different categories, normal weight (7.5%) and stage 1 obesity (1.66%). Simultaneously, we noticed differences in the children’s physical activities, especially with children who attend sports playgroups connected to athletic development (8.74%). More differences were noticed in free time spending habits indicators; the most significant ones were with the children who spend their free time behind the personal computer for more than 14 h a week (5.4%) and with the children who spend their free time on social media for 8–14 h a week (18.56%). View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; body mass index; COVID-19; pupils; health; lifestyle; sport; obesity physical activity; body mass index; COVID-19; pupils; health; lifestyle; sport; obesity
MDPI and ACS Style

Pyšná, J.; Pyšný, L.; Cihlář, D.; Petrů, D.; Müllerová, L.H.; Čtvrtečka, L.; Čechová, A.; Suchý, J. Physical Activity and BMI before and after the Situation Caused by COVID-19 in Upper Primary School Pupils in the Czech Republic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3068. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053068

AMA Style

Pyšná J, Pyšný L, Cihlář D, Petrů D, Müllerová LH, Čtvrtečka L, Čechová A, Suchý J. Physical Activity and BMI before and after the Situation Caused by COVID-19 in Upper Primary School Pupils in the Czech Republic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(5):3068. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053068

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pyšná, Jana, Ladislav Pyšný, David Cihlář, Dominika Petrů, Lenka H. Müllerová, Luděk Čtvrtečka, Anna Čechová, and Jiří Suchý. 2022. "Physical Activity and BMI before and after the Situation Caused by COVID-19 in Upper Primary School Pupils in the Czech Republic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 5: 3068. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053068

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