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Article

Validation of the English Version of the General Dietary Behavior Inventory (GDBI-E)

1
Clinic of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, LVR-University Hospital, University of Duisburg-Essen, 45147 Essen, Germany
2
Institute for Patient Safety (IfPS), University Hospital Bonn, 53127 Bonn, Germany
3
Center for Translational Neuro- and Behavioral Sciences (C-TNBS), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45147 Essen, Germany
4
Institute of Nutritional Medicine, University Hohenheim, 70599 Hohenheim, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Cíntia Ferreira-Pêgo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 2883; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052883
Received: 10 January 2022 / Revised: 21 February 2022 / Accepted: 25 February 2022 / Published: 1 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Habits and Health)
In medical science and practice, dietary behavior is mostly assessed by item-extensive questionnaires (e.g., food-frequency-questionnaires) or by questionnaires focusing on psychological aspects of dietary behavior neglecting dietary quality or quantity. In consequence, these questionnaires do not capture the full bandwidth of dietary behavior or are less effective in the assessment of dietary behavior because of the large item pools. Therefore, the aim of this validation study was to translate the existing General Dietary Behavior Inventory (GDBI), which was constructed as a behavior-related, as well as effective, instrument, and verifying its construct and criterion validity. This inventory is based on the general nutrition recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). Our English-speaking convenience sample consisted of 263 participants. The study results confirmed convergent, as well as criterion validity of the English version of the GDBI (GDBI-E). Discriminant validity of the GDBI-E could mainly be verified. Different dietary behavior clusters were identified in a cluster analysis. The found clusters represented a rather healthy and a rather unhealthy dietary behavior in the sample according to the recommendations of the WHO. The results underpinned the validity of the GDBI-E. The GDBI-E is applicable in research and clinical practice to assess dietary behavior in the English-speaking population. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary behavior; assessment; dietary recommendation; body mass index; construct validation; criterion validity; cluster analysis dietary behavior; assessment; dietary recommendation; body mass index; construct validation; criterion validity; cluster analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marsall, M.; Engelmann, G.; Skoda, E.-M.; Stroebele-Benschop, N.; Teufel, M.; Bäuerle, A. Validation of the English Version of the General Dietary Behavior Inventory (GDBI-E). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 2883. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052883

AMA Style

Marsall M, Engelmann G, Skoda E-M, Stroebele-Benschop N, Teufel M, Bäuerle A. Validation of the English Version of the General Dietary Behavior Inventory (GDBI-E). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(5):2883. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052883

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marsall, Matthias, Gerrit Engelmann, Eva-Maria Skoda, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Martin Teufel, and Alexander Bäuerle. 2022. "Validation of the English Version of the General Dietary Behavior Inventory (GDBI-E)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 5: 2883. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052883

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