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Article

Active Video Games Improve Muscular Fitness and Motor Skills in Children with Overweight or Obesity

1
Faculty of Health and Sport Science (FCSD), Department of Physiatry and Nursing, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2
GENUD (Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development) Research Group, Department of Physiatry and Nursing, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
3
EXERNET Red de Investigación en Ejercicio Físico y Salud, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
4
Faculty of Health Science, Department of Physiatry and Nursing, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Richard B. Kreider and Britton W. Brewer
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 2642; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052642
Received: 27 December 2021 / Revised: 16 February 2022 / Accepted: 21 February 2022 / Published: 24 February 2022
(1) Background: Childhood obesity is an important public health problem. Children with overweight or obesity often tend to show the pediatric inactivity triad components; these involve exercise deficit disorder, pediatric dynapenia, and physical illiteracy. The aim of the study was to examine the influence of an active video games (AVG) intervention combined with multicomponent exercise on muscular fitness, physical activity (PA), and motor skills in children with overweight or obesity. (2) Methods: A total of 29 (13 girls) children (10.07 ± 0.84 years) with overweight or obesity were randomly allocated in the intervention group (AVG group; n = 21) or in the control group (CG; n = 8). The intervention group performed a 5-month AVG training using the Xbox 360® with the Kinect, the Nintendo Wii®, dance mats, and the BKOOL® interactive cycling simulator, combined with multicomponent exercise, performing three sessions per week. The control group continued their daily activities without modification. Weight, PA using accelerometers, and motor competence using the Test of Gross Motor Development 3rd edition were measured. Muscular fitness was evaluated through the Counter Movement Jump height, maximal isometric strength of knee extension and handgrip strength, and lean mass using Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry. Mann–Whitney U and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were performed. The biserial correlation coefficients (r) were calculated. Spearman’s correlation coefficients among PA, muscular fitness, and motor competence variables were also calculated. (3) Results: The AVG group significantly increased their knee extension maximal isometric strength (4.22 kg; p < 0.01), handgrip strength (1.93 kg; p < 0.01), and jump height (1.60 cm; p < 0.01), while the control group only increased the knee extension maximal isometric strength (3.15 kg; p < 0.01). The AVG group improved motor competence and light physical activity (p < 0.05) and decreased sedentary time (p < 0.05). Lean mass improved in both AVG group and CG (p < 0.05). Lastly, the percentage of improvement of motor skills positively correlated with the percentage of improvement in vigorous PA (r = 0.673; p = 0.003) and the percentage of improvement in CMJ (r = 0.466; p = 0.039). (4) Conclusions: A 5-month intervention combining AVG with multicomponent training seems to have positive effects on muscle fitness, motor competence, and PA in children with overweight or obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: exergaming; muscular fitness; motor competence; exercise; children; obesity exergaming; muscular fitness; motor competence; exercise; children; obesity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Comeras-Chueca, C.; Villalba-Heredia, L.; Perez-Lasierra, J.L.; Marín-Puyalto, J.; Lozano-Berges, G.; Matute-Llorente, Á.; Vicente-Rodríguez, G.; Gonzalez-Aguero, A.; Casajús, J.A. Active Video Games Improve Muscular Fitness and Motor Skills in Children with Overweight or Obesity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 2642. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052642

AMA Style

Comeras-Chueca C, Villalba-Heredia L, Perez-Lasierra JL, Marín-Puyalto J, Lozano-Berges G, Matute-Llorente Á, Vicente-Rodríguez G, Gonzalez-Aguero A, Casajús JA. Active Video Games Improve Muscular Fitness and Motor Skills in Children with Overweight or Obesity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(5):2642. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052642

Chicago/Turabian Style

Comeras-Chueca, Cristina, Lorena Villalba-Heredia, Jose L. Perez-Lasierra, Jorge Marín-Puyalto, Gabriel Lozano-Berges, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, Alex Gonzalez-Aguero, and José A. Casajús. 2022. "Active Video Games Improve Muscular Fitness and Motor Skills in Children with Overweight or Obesity" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 5: 2642. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052642

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