An Instagram Hashtag Fostering Science Education of Vulnerable Groups during the Pandemic
1.1. Promoting Education to Reduce Vulnerability
1.2. Young People and Social Networks during the Pandemic
1.3. Science Education in the Social Media
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Research Design
2.2. Data Analysis
- Search for a keyword in the browser using the symbol #
- Select most popular hashtags containing the keyword
- Search all posts using the selected hashtags, including top and most recent posts.
- The popularity of the hashtag (use of the hashtag and number of posts).
- Correspondence between the content of the post and project topics.
- High level of interactions among citizens (including likes and comments).
3.1. Information and Scientific Developments
3.2. Pandemic Information Channel
3.3. Knowledge Networking
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|0||Not valid.||It includes those messages that are not related to project topics.|
|1||How citizens’ benefit from scientific research.||It includes those messages where citizens express how they implement or benefit from scientific research, although they are not aware that it is due to/do not mention scientific research.|
|2||Citizen awareness of the impact of scientific research.||It includes both initiatives that make citizens aware of the link between the benefits they appreciate and the research that led to them and messages where citizens express their awareness of the impact of scientific research in education and gender.|
|3||Awareness-raising initiatives succeeding at engaging citizens in scientific participation, including the Open Access movement.||It includes those initiatives that enhance citizen participation in science.|
|4||Awareness-raising actions that foster the recruitment of new talent in the sciences||It includes formal actions (e.g., campaigns, workshops, seminars, conferences, scholarships, vacancies specifically encouraging women, educational materials, interviews) and individual actions (e.g., personal experience or testimony).|
|5||Policies that promote awareness-raising actions and citizen engagement in science||It includes messages that mention policies, programs, or institutional measures and initiatives that promote citizen engagement in science, representation of women scientists, or the creation of spaces for the participation of vulnerable groups in science.|
|0||Not Scientific Evidence||The message does not contain scientific evidence|
|1||Certified Scientific Evidence||The message includes scientific evidence (articles from journals indexed in Scopus or JCR)|
|2||Supposed Scientific Evidence||The message says it is based on scientific evidence but no reference to the article or study.|
|5000 posts||Scientific Evidence||1. Certified Scientific Evidence||233 posts||97 posts respond to the main objective of the research|
|2. Supposed Scientific Evidence|
|97 posts respond to the main objective of the research||70.10% (68 posts) provide information and scientific progress in various branches of knowledge||47.06% (32 posts) science topics|
|10.29% (7 posts) educational topics|
|7.35% (5 posts) sociology topics|
|27.94% (19 posts) health topics|
|1.47% (1 post) engineering topics|
|4.41% (3 posts) gender topics|
|1.47% (1 post) United Nations Sustainable Development Goals topics|
|97 posts respond to the main objective of the research||29.90% (29 posts) provide information concerning the COVID pandemic||44.83% (13 posts) COVID and science topics|
|13.79% (4 posts) educational information about COVID topics|
|6.90% (2 posts) sociological pandemic perspective topics|
|27.59% (8 posts) COVID and health topics|
|3.45% (1 post) gender pandemic perspective topics|
|1.47% (1 post) United Nations Sustainable Development Goals from a pandemic perspective|
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Share and Cite
Puigvert, L.; Villarejo-Carballido, B.; Gairal-Casadó, R.; Gómez, A.; Cañaveras, P.; Martí, T.S. An Instagram Hashtag Fostering Science Education of Vulnerable Groups during the Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19041974
Puigvert L, Villarejo-Carballido B, Gairal-Casadó R, Gómez A, Cañaveras P, Martí TS. An Instagram Hashtag Fostering Science Education of Vulnerable Groups during the Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(4):1974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19041974Chicago/Turabian Style
Puigvert, Lídia, Beatriz Villarejo-Carballido, Regina Gairal-Casadó, Aitor Gómez, Paula Cañaveras, and Teresa Sordé Martí. 2022. "An Instagram Hashtag Fostering Science Education of Vulnerable Groups during the Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 4: 1974. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19041974