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Systematic Review

Prevalence of Signs of Severity Identified in the Thai Population with Malaria: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Medical Technology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Walailak University, Tha Sala, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80160, Thailand
2
Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
3
Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Santo Tomas, Manila 1008, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fabrizio Bruschi and Stefano D’Amelio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(3), 1196; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031196
Received: 26 November 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 19 January 2022 / Published: 21 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impact of Parasitology on Public Health)
Understanding the prevalence of signs of severity identified in the Thai population with malaria could aid clinical management and disease control efforts, decrease mortality, and promote malaria elimination in Thailand. This systematic review aimed to collate the evidence regarding signs of severity identified in the Thai population with malaria. MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched for potentially relevant studies. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal tools. The pooled prevalence of signs of severity among patients with severe malaria and the pooled proportion of each sign of severity among all signs of severity were estimated using random-effects models. Heterogeneity among included studies was assessed using Cochran’s Q test. A subgroup analysis was performed to evaluate whether differences in pooled estimates between different study sites. Publication bias was assessed by visualizing funnel plot asymmetry and using Egger’s test. Among 741 studies identified by literature searching, 12 studies of a total of 2900 patients with severe malaria, in 7 Thai hospitals, met the eligibility criteria. Results of meta-analyses showed that the signs of the severity of malaria with the highest prevalence in Thailand were jaundice (54%), hyperparasitemia (47%), impaired consciousness/coma (21%), acidosis (18%), renal impairment (13%), shock (10%), convulsions (9%), severe anemia (8%), pulmonary edema/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (8%), hypoglycemia (4%), and bleeding/disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) (2%). The signs of the severity of malaria that made up the highest proportion of all signs of severity identified in the Thai population with malaria were hyperparasitemia (33%), jaundice (33%), impaired consciousness/coma (12%), acidosis (9%), renal impairment (7%), severe anemia (6%), convulsions (5%), shock (5%), pulmonary edema/ARDS (3%), bleeding/DIC (1%), and hypoglycemia (1%). The present study revealed the prevalence of signs of severity identified in the Thai population with malaria. Jaundice, hyperparasitemia, and impaired consciousness/coma were the most common signs of severity identified. These results may inform the management of patients with severe malaria and promote malaria-elimination efforts in Thailand. View Full-Text
Keywords: malaria; Plasmodium falciparum; Thailand; signs of severity; severe malaria; complicated malaria malaria; Plasmodium falciparum; Thailand; signs of severity; severe malaria; complicated malaria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mala, W.; Wilairatana, P.; Samerjai, C.; Masangkay, F.R.; Kotepui, K.U.; Kotepui, M. Prevalence of Signs of Severity Identified in the Thai Population with Malaria: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031196

AMA Style

Mala W, Wilairatana P, Samerjai C, Masangkay FR, Kotepui KU, Kotepui M. Prevalence of Signs of Severity Identified in the Thai Population with Malaria: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031196

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mala, Wanida, Polrat Wilairatana, Chutharat Samerjai, Frederick Ramirez Masangkay, Kwuntida Uthaisar Kotepui, and Manas Kotepui. 2022. "Prevalence of Signs of Severity Identified in the Thai Population with Malaria: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031196

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