When a Pandemic Strikes: Resilience of Swedish Academics in the Face of Coronavirus
1.1. Previous Research
1.2. Theoretical Framework: Personal and Social/Collective Resilience
In the context of exposure to significant adversity, whether psychological, environmental, or both, resilience is both the capacity of individuals to navigate their way to health-sustaining resources, including opportunities to experience feelings of well-being, and a condition of the individual’s family, community and culture to provide these health resources and experiences in culturally meaningful ways. (p. 225)
- Q1. How strongly do academics in Sweden rate their level of personal/individual and social/collective resilience (disaggregated by gender, age group, residence, and employment status)?
- Q2. How strongly do academics in Sweden rate their general health (disaggregated by gender, age group, residence, and employment status)?
- Q3. Is there a relationship between general health, personal/individual resilience, social/collective resilience, and meaning-making coping methods among academics in Sweden?
- Q4. What resilience factors contribute most strongly to meaning-making among Swedish academics, and how can this be culturally interpreted?
2. Materials and Methods
2.4. Data Analysis Methods
3.1. Personal/Individual Resilience
3.2. Social and Collective Resilience
3.3. General Health
3.4. Religious and Spiritual Background and Thinking
3.5. Resilience, Self-Rated Health and Coping Methods
4.1. Meaning-Giving Factors in Social/Collective and Personal/Individual Resilience
4.2. Resilience and Health
7. Future Research and Policy Recommendations
- Focus on the bioecological framework of resilience in the context of COVID-19 by paying attention to individual, environmental, and meaning dimensions among academic staff.
- This study conducted a simple analysis univariate correlation (Pearson’s correlation). A multivariate analysis, such as regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex, and location, is required for future research to strengthen our findings.
- Set up structural resources in society to better balance individual capacity resources for resilience. Here, we refer to social resources such as social networks, stronger and wider connections to meaningful groups such as families and workmates, and also engaging in activities related to university or other groups, such as neighbourhood groups.
- Give due credit to academic staff as first responders within the education sector during pandemics as they show success in fulfilling their work duties without taking away the responsibility of their institutions to provide the necessary resources.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Age groups||Younger than 35 years old||31|
|Between 35–49 years old||32|
|50 years or older||37|
|Gymnasium or similar||6|
|Country of birth||Sweden||75|
|Job/student situation||Full-time employment||66|
|Place of living||Capital||18|
|General health||Pearson Correlation||0.027||0.044||0.045||0.048||−0.020|
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Cetrez, Ö.A.; Zandi, S.; Ahmadi, F. When a Pandemic Strikes: Resilience of Swedish Academics in the Face of Coronavirus. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 13346. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013346
Cetrez ÖA, Zandi S, Ahmadi F. When a Pandemic Strikes: Resilience of Swedish Academics in the Face of Coronavirus. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(20):13346. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013346Chicago/Turabian Style
Cetrez, Önver Andreas, Saeid Zandi, and Fereshteh Ahmadi. 2022. "When a Pandemic Strikes: Resilience of Swedish Academics in the Face of Coronavirus" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 20: 13346. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013346