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Article

Participation in Physical Education Classes and Health-Related Behaviours among Adolescents from 67 Countries

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Centro de Estudos de Educação, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana e UIDEF, Instituto de Educação, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-004 Lisboa, Portugal
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Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte y la Educación Física, Universidad de A Coruña, 15001 A Coruña, Spain
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CIPER, Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, 1649-004 Lisboa, Portugal
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ISAMB, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, 1649-004 Lisboa, Portugal
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Departement of Physical Education and Sport, University of Madeira, 9000-072 Funchal, Portugal
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Interactive Technologies Institute, LARSyS, 9020-105 Funchal, Portugal
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Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity (CIDAF), Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, Estádio Universitário de Coimbra, University of Coimbra, 3040-256 Coimbra, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Palestini Paola and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 955; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020955
Received: 2 November 2021 / Revised: 4 January 2022 / Accepted: 11 January 2022 / Published: 15 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Promoting Physical Activity in and through Schools)
The present study sought to examine the associations between participation in physical education (PE) classes and a range of health-related behaviours among adolescents. Secondary analysis of self-reported data from the Global Student Health Survey, collected between 2010 and 2017 from 222,121 adolescents (N = 117,914 girls; 49.0%; aged 13–17 years) from 67 countries and five world regions, was carried out. Participation in PE classes (0, 1–2, ≥3 days/week) was the independent variable. Physical activity (PA); sedentary behaviour (SB); active travel to school; fruit, vegetables, and alcohol consumption; and smoking; as well as adopting ≥5 of these healthy behaviours; were the dependent variables. Complex samples logistic regressions were performed to explore the associations between participation in PE classes and health-related behaviours. The results revealed that 18.2% of adolescents did not take part in PE classes. A total of 56.7% and 25.1% of adolescents reported participating in PE classes on 1–2 and ≥3 days/week, respectively. Only 26.8% of adolescents adopted ≥5 healthy behaviours. Participation in PE classes was positively associated with PA, active travel, fruit consumption, and vegetable consumption (only for ≥3 days/week), but was negatively associated with meeting SB recommendations, and with not smoking (only for girls and ≥3 days/week). Overall, PE participation was positively associated with adopting ≥5 healthy behaviours, with favourable results found for those who attended more PE classes. The findings revealed a positive association between participation in PE classes and a range of health-related behaviours among adolescents. This suggests that, worldwide, quality PE should be delivered at least 3 days per week up to daily to promote healthy lifestyles among adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical education; physical activity; sedentary behaviour; nutrition; smoke; alcohol; healthy lifestyle; adolescence; preventative health; public health physical education; physical activity; sedentary behaviour; nutrition; smoke; alcohol; healthy lifestyle; adolescence; preventative health; public health
MDPI and ACS Style

Martins, J.; Marques, A.; Gouveia, É.R.; Carvalho, F.; Sarmento, H.; Valeiro, M.G. Participation in Physical Education Classes and Health-Related Behaviours among Adolescents from 67 Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020955

AMA Style

Martins J, Marques A, Gouveia ÉR, Carvalho F, Sarmento H, Valeiro MG. Participation in Physical Education Classes and Health-Related Behaviours among Adolescents from 67 Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020955

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martins, João, Adilson Marques, Élvio R. Gouveia, Francisco Carvalho, Hugo Sarmento, and Miguel G. Valeiro. 2022. "Participation in Physical Education Classes and Health-Related Behaviours among Adolescents from 67 Countries" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020955

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