Next Article in Journal
A Model to Estimate the Effect of International Traffic on Malaria Cases: The Case of Japan from 1999 to 2021
Previous Article in Journal
A Bibliometric Analysis on Global Psychological and Behavioral Research Landscape on COVID-19 Pandemic
 
 
Article

Changing Attitudes towards Occupational Medicine with Blended Learning Methods Is Possible among Medical Students in Spain: A Longitudinal Study

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
4
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
5
Faculty of Education, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
6
Faculty of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Ivo Iavicoli
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 878; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020878
Received: 22 November 2021 / Revised: 7 January 2022 / Accepted: 11 January 2022 / Published: 13 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Medical students generally express a low interest in Occupational Medicine. We aimed to assess the attitudes and changes in attitudes of students towards this area after completing a course on Occupational Medicine in two Medical Universities in Spain (Zaragoza and Castilla-La Mancha). The teaching method included blended learning as a model that used online virtual patient platforms (CASUS) and/or EMUTOM, as well as traditional methods such as face-to-face teaching. A total of 526 students (98 of whom attended the University of Castilla-La Mancha) participated during three academic years (2015–2016, 2016–2017 and 2017–2018). The validation of the questionnaire was carried out using reliability, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. For the analysis of internal consistency and discrimination, Cronbach’s alpha was used. The adequacy of the factor analysis was measured by means of KMO, and a correlation matrix was examined by means of Bartlett’s test of sphericity. To identify differences between students before and after completing the course, the Mann–Whitney U-test for independent samples was used. Our results show that despite a negative or neutral attitude towards Occupational Medicine, the acquisition of competences and skills in this area and their training were recognized as fundamental for their future professional performance as doctors in any specialty. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational health; blended learning; attitudes; medical students; e-learning occupational health; blended learning; attitudes; medical students; e-learning
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Iguacel, I.; Abecia, B.; Bernal, J.L.; Martínez-Jarreta, B. Changing Attitudes towards Occupational Medicine with Blended Learning Methods Is Possible among Medical Students in Spain: A Longitudinal Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 878. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020878

AMA Style

Iguacel I, Abecia B, Bernal JL, Martínez-Jarreta B. Changing Attitudes towards Occupational Medicine with Blended Learning Methods Is Possible among Medical Students in Spain: A Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):878. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020878

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iguacel, Isabel, Begoña Abecia, José Luis Bernal, and Begoña Martínez-Jarreta. 2022. "Changing Attitudes towards Occupational Medicine with Blended Learning Methods Is Possible among Medical Students in Spain: A Longitudinal Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 878. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020878

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop