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Article

Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients on Hemodialysis with Comorbidities: A Cross-Sectional Study

by 1,2, 3,4 and 5,*
1
Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
2
Nursing Department, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
3
Nephrology Division, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
4
School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
5
School of Nursing, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 11490, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 811; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020811
Received: 15 December 2021 / Revised: 8 January 2022 / Accepted: 9 January 2022 / Published: 12 January 2022
Patients on hemodialysis with multiple comorbidities have limited physical activity, resulting in poor health, low activity participation, and low quality of life. Accordingly, the nursing care provided to such patients should include regular physical activity training programs. Therefore, this cross-sectional descriptive study investigated whether patients on hemodialysis with and without comorbidities have different levels of physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL); the correlations among the comorbidities, physical activity, and HRQoL of the two cohorts were also assessed. The 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey version 2 and International Physical Activity Questionnaire were employed to collect data from 120 patients on hemodialysis. An independent samples t-test and univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted. The overall HRQoL of patients with comorbidities was lower than that of patients without comorbidities (p = 0.008). Compared with patients who participated in low-intensity physical activity, the overall HRQoL of patients who participated in moderate-intensity physical activity was higher (p < 0.001). The overall HRQoL of patients with comorbidities who participated in low-intensity physical activity was lower than that of those who participated in moderate-intensity physical activity (p < 0.001). Moderate-intensity physical activity was correlated with higher HRQoL for patients with comorbidities. This finding supports the implementation of effective physical activity intervention measures. Furthermore, it supports the promotion of patient self-management and the implementation of regular exercise programs and lifestyle changes, and patients on hemodialysis can benefit from the future management of physical activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: hemodialysis; comorbidity; physical activity; health-related quality of life (HRQoL) hemodialysis; comorbidity; physical activity; health-related quality of life (HRQoL)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, Y.-H.; Hsu, Y.-J.; Tzeng, W.-C. Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients on Hemodialysis with Comorbidities: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020811

AMA Style

Wu Y-H, Hsu Y-J, Tzeng W-C. Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients on Hemodialysis with Comorbidities: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020811

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wu, Yu-Hui, Yu-Juei Hsu, and Wen-Chii Tzeng. 2022. "Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients on Hemodialysis with Comorbidities: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020811

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