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Article

Territorial Strategy of Medical Units for Addressing the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City: Analysis of Mobility, Accessibility and Marginalization

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Centro Regional de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca 62209, Mexico
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Instituto de Geografía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de Mexico 04510, Mexico
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Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Ciudad de Mexico 14080, Mexico
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Secretaría de Educación, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación, Gogobierno de la Ciudad de México, Ciudad de Mexico 06010, Mexico
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Dirección General de Cómputo y de Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de Mexico 04510, Mexico
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Departamento de Genómica Computacional, Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genómica, Ciudad de Mexico 14610, Mexico
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Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de Mexico 04510, Mexico
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Secretaría de Salud de la Ciudad de México, Ciudad de Mexico 06900, Mexico
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Gobierno de la Ciudad de México, Ciudad de Mexico 06000, Mexico
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anna Molter and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 665; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020665
Received: 30 October 2021 / Revised: 22 December 2021 / Accepted: 23 December 2021 / Published: 7 January 2022
Background. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an exponential increase in the demand for medical care worldwide. In Mexico, the COVID Medical Units (CMUs) conversion strategy was implemented. Objective. To evaluate the CMU coverage strategy in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) by territory. Materials. The CMU directory was used, as were COVID-19 infection and mobility statistics and Mexican 2020 census information at the urban geographic area scale. The degree of urban marginalization by geographic area was also considered. Method. Using descriptive statistics and the calculation of a CMU accessibility index, population aggregates were counted based on coverage radii. In addition, two regression models are proposed to explain (1) the territorial and temporal trend of COVID-19 infections in the MCMA and (2) the mobility of the COVID-infected population visiting medical units. Results. The findings of the evaluation of the CMU strategy were (1) in the MCMA, COVID-19 followed a pattern of contagion from the urban center to the periphery; (2) given the growth in the number of cases and the overload of medical units, the population traveled greater distances to seek medical care; (3) after the CMU strategy was evaluated at the territory level, it was found that 9 out of 10 inhabitants had a CMU located approximately 7 km away; and (4) at the metropolitan level, the lowest level of accessibility to the CMU was recorded for the population with the highest levels of marginalization, i.e., those residing in the urban periphery. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID hospitals; contagion; mobility; accessibility; Mexico City Metropolitan Area COVID hospitals; contagion; mobility; accessibility; Mexico City Metropolitan Area
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MDPI and ACS Style

Galindo-Pérez, M.C.; Suárez, M.; Rosales-Tapia, A.R.; Sifuentes-Osornio, J.; Angulo-Guerrero, O.; Benítez-Pérez, H.; de Anda-Jauregui, G.; Díaz-de-León-Santiago, J.L.; Hernández-Lemus, E.; Alonso Herrera, L.; López-Arellano, O.; Revuelta-Herrera, A.; Ruiz-Gutiérrez, R.; Sheinbaum-Pardo, C.; Kershenobich-Stalnikowitz, D. Territorial Strategy of Medical Units for Addressing the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City: Analysis of Mobility, Accessibility and Marginalization. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 665. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020665

AMA Style

Galindo-Pérez MC, Suárez M, Rosales-Tapia AR, Sifuentes-Osornio J, Angulo-Guerrero O, Benítez-Pérez H, de Anda-Jauregui G, Díaz-de-León-Santiago JL, Hernández-Lemus E, Alonso Herrera L, López-Arellano O, Revuelta-Herrera A, Ruiz-Gutiérrez R, Sheinbaum-Pardo C, Kershenobich-Stalnikowitz D. Territorial Strategy of Medical Units for Addressing the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City: Analysis of Mobility, Accessibility and Marginalization. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):665. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020665

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galindo-Pérez, Mateo C., Manuel Suárez, Ana R. Rosales-Tapia, José Sifuentes-Osornio, Ofelia Angulo-Guerrero, Héctor Benítez-Pérez, Guillermo de Anda-Jauregui, Juan L. Díaz-de-León-Santiago, Enrique Hernández-Lemus, Luis Alonso Herrera, Oliva López-Arellano, Arturo Revuelta-Herrera, Rosaura Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Claudia Sheinbaum-Pardo, and David Kershenobich-Stalnikowitz. 2022. "Territorial Strategy of Medical Units for Addressing the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City: Analysis of Mobility, Accessibility and Marginalization" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 665. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020665

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