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Article

Diabetes Capabilities for the Healthcare Workforce Identified via a 3-Staged Modified Delphi Technique

by 1,2,3,*, 4 and 1,5,6,7,8
1
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia
2
Diabetes Centre, Tasmanian Health Service, Burnie, TAS 7250, Australia
3
School of Public Health, University of Technology Sydney, 15 Broadway, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia
4
National Aging Research Institute, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, VIC 3050, Australia
5
Centre for Quality and Patient Safety Research, Institute for Health Transformation, Deakin University, 1 Geringhap Street, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia
6
Western Health Partnership, 176 Furlong Road, St Albans, VIC 3021, Australia
7
Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Nørregade 10, DK-1017 Copenhagen, Denmark
8
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Belchin Kostov, Luis González-de Paz and Antoni Sisó-Almirall
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 1012; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19021012
Received: 17 December 2021 / Revised: 14 January 2022 / Accepted: 15 January 2022 / Published: 17 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Primary Healthcare)
Consumers access health professionals with varying levels of diabetes-specific knowledge and training, often resulting in conflicting advice. Conflicting health messages lead to consumer disengagement. The study aimed to identify capabilities required by health professionals to deliver diabetes education and care to develop a national consensus capability-based framework to guide their training. A 3-staged modified Delphi technique was used to gain agreement from a purposefully recruited panel of Australian diabetes experts from various disciplines and work settings. The Delphi technique consisted of (Stage I) a semi-structured consultation group and pre-Delphi pilot, (Stage II) a 2-phased online Delphi survey, and (Stage III) a semi-structured focus group and appraisal by health professional regulatory and training organisations. Descriptive statistics and central tendency measures calculated determined quantitative data characteristics and consensus. Content analysis using emergent coding was used for qualitative content. Eighty-four diabetes experts were recruited from nursing and midwifery (n = 60 [71%]), allied health (n = 17 [20%]), and pharmacy (n = 7 [9%]) disciplines. Participant responses identified 7 health professional practice levels requiring differences in diabetes training, 9 capability areas to support care, and 2 to 16 statements attained consensus for each capability—259 in total. Additionally, workforce solutions were identified to expand capacity for diabetes care. The rigorous consultation process led to the design and validation of a Capability Framework for Diabetes Care that addresses workforce enablers identified by the Australian National Diabetes Strategy. It recognises diversity, creating shared understandings of diabetes across health professional disciplines. The findings will inform diabetes policy, practice, education, and research. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; healthcare workforce; Delphi technique; capabilities; workforce capacity diabetes; healthcare workforce; Delphi technique; capabilities; workforce capacity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Murfet, G.; Ostaszkiewicz, J.; Rasmussen, B. Diabetes Capabilities for the Healthcare Workforce Identified via a 3-Staged Modified Delphi Technique. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1012. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19021012

AMA Style

Murfet G, Ostaszkiewicz J, Rasmussen B. Diabetes Capabilities for the Healthcare Workforce Identified via a 3-Staged Modified Delphi Technique. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):1012. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19021012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Murfet, Giuliana, Joan Ostaszkiewicz, and Bodil Rasmussen. 2022. "Diabetes Capabilities for the Healthcare Workforce Identified via a 3-Staged Modified Delphi Technique" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 1012. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19021012

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