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Article

Women’s Respiratory Movements during Spontaneous Breathing and Physical Fitness: A Cross-Sectional, Correlational Study

1
Life Sciences Center, Vilnius University, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Xiyuan Hospital, Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100091, China
3
School of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China
4
School of Science, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Hohhot 010051, China
5
Department of Physical Education, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Alessio Rossi, Luca Cavaggioni, Athos Trecroci and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(19), 12007; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912007
Received: 11 August 2022 / Revised: 15 September 2022 / Accepted: 20 September 2022 / Published: 22 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers in Sport Performance, Health, and Fitness)
Background: Abdominal/diaphragmatic breathing exercises are popular worldwide and have been proven to be beneficial for physical performance. Is abdominal motion (AM) during spontaneous breathing correlated with physical fitness? The present study aimed to answer this question. Methods: 434 women (aged 20–59) were enrolled and participated in respiration tests using two respiration belts (one was tied at the height of the xiphoid and another at the navel) to detect AM and thoracic motion (TM). They also performed physical fitness tests to measure body size, muscular strength, muscular power, muscular endurance, balance, flexibility, reaction time, and cardiorespiratory endurance. Results: All the correlation coefficients between respiratory movements (AM, TM, AM + TM, AM/(AM + TM)) and physical fitness outcomes were less than 0.4/−0.4. Only AM and muscular power (countermovement jump height) had a weak correlation, with a correlation coefficient close to 0.4 in the 20−29-year age group (rs = 0.398, p = 0.011, n = 40). Conclusions: Women’s respiratory movements during spontaneous breathing were not correlated with physical fitness. Future studies may focus on the relationship between AM and countermovement jump height in young women with a larger sample size and using ultrasound to directly test the excursion of the diaphragm. View Full-Text
Keywords: abdominal motion; thoracic motion; physical performance; countermovement jump height; cardiorespiratory endurance; body size abdominal motion; thoracic motion; physical performance; countermovement jump height; cardiorespiratory endurance; body size
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, W.-M.; Bai, Z.-M.; Aihemaiti, M.; Yuan, L.; Hong, Z.-M.; Xiao, J.; Ren, F.-F.; Rukšėnas, O. Women’s Respiratory Movements during Spontaneous Breathing and Physical Fitness: A Cross-Sectional, Correlational Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 12007. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912007

AMA Style

Liang W-M, Bai Z-M, Aihemaiti M, Yuan L, Hong Z-M, Xiao J, Ren F-F, Rukšėnas O. Women’s Respiratory Movements during Spontaneous Breathing and Physical Fitness: A Cross-Sectional, Correlational Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(19):12007. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liang, Wen-Ming, Zhen-Min Bai, Maiwulamu Aihemaiti, Lei Yuan, Zhi-Min Hong, Jing Xiao, Fei-Fei Ren, and Osvaldas Rukšėnas. 2022. "Women’s Respiratory Movements during Spontaneous Breathing and Physical Fitness: A Cross-Sectional, Correlational Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 19: 12007. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912007

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