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Article

Association of Physical Educators’ Socialization Experiences and Confidence with Respect to Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program Implementation

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School of Health and Applied Human Sciences, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Campus Box 5956, Wilmington, NC 28401, USA
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Department of Movement Sciences, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive MS 2401, Moscow, ID 83844, USA
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School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham Dubai, Dubai P.O. Box 341799, United Arab Emirates
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Department of Leadership, Research, and School Improvement, University of West Georgia, 1601 Maple Street, Carrollton, GA 75006, USA
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Department of Health and Human Development, Montana State University, Culbertson Hall 100, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(19), 12005; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912005
Received: 17 August 2022 / Revised: 20 September 2022 / Accepted: 20 September 2022 / Published: 22 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity Interventions in the School Setting)
Comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAPs) are recommended to support physical education (PE) and increase the amount of physical activity (PA) youth receive each day. However, adoption of CSPAPs in the United States is low. PE teachers are well positioned to lead the implementation of CSPAPs, but research is needed to better understand (a) PE teachers’ confidence to assume the multiple roles involved with CSPAP implementation and (b) the factors that are associated with such confidence. This study examined PE teachers’ role breadth self-efficacy (RBSE) as a measure of PE teachers’ CSPAP-related confidence and its association with seminal life experiences as framed within teacher socialization theory. A survey was emailed to a stratified-random sample of 2976 PE teachers and distributed on social media, garnering a total of 259 responses. Exploratory structural equation modeling supported a three-factor solution for teacher socialization variables (acculturation, professional socialization and organizational socialization), in line with the theoretical framework, and a single factor solution for RBSE. Professional socialization and organizational socialization were significant predictors of RBSE, and qualitative data from open-ended survey questions supported these relationships. The results highlight the importance of preservice teacher education and current employment contexts in PE teachers’ CSPAP-related confidence. View Full-Text
Keywords: whole of school physical activity; physical education; physical education teacher education; teacher socialization; role breadth self-efficacy whole of school physical activity; physical education; physical education teacher education; teacher socialization; role breadth self-efficacy
MDPI and ACS Style

Merica, C.B.; Egan, C.A.; Webster, C.A.; Mindrila, D.; Karp, G.G.; Paul, D.R.; Orendorff, K.L. Association of Physical Educators’ Socialization Experiences and Confidence with Respect to Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program Implementation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 12005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912005

AMA Style

Merica CB, Egan CA, Webster CA, Mindrila D, Karp GG, Paul DR, Orendorff KL. Association of Physical Educators’ Socialization Experiences and Confidence with Respect to Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program Implementation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(19):12005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Merica, Christopher Barton, Cate A. Egan, Collin A. Webster, Diana Mindrila, Grace Goc Karp, David R. Paul, and Karie Lee Orendorff. 2022. "Association of Physical Educators’ Socialization Experiences and Confidence with Respect to Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program Implementation" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 19: 12005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912005

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