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Article

Risk Factors of Sports-Related Injury in School-Aged Children and Adolescents: A Retrospective Questionnaire Survey

1
Faculty of Education, Mie University, Tsu 514-8507, Mie, Japan
2
School of Health and Sport Sciences, Chukyo University, Toyota 470-0393, Aichi, Japan
3
Department of Sports Science, Juntendo University, Inzai 270-1695, Chiba, Japan
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Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8577, Ibaraki, Japan
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Research Team for Promoting Independence and Mental Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Itabashi 173-0015, Tokyo, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Javier Abián-Vicén
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(14), 8662; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148662
Received: 30 May 2022 / Revised: 9 July 2022 / Accepted: 11 July 2022 / Published: 16 July 2022
Studies conducting quantitative surveys in school-aged children and adolescents help identify sports-related risk factors for acute and overuse injuries are scarce. This study aimed to quantify the risk factors for sports-related injury in school-aged children and adolescents by school categories. University students (n = 484) retrospectively recalled their sports experiences and related injuries in a questionnaire according to the following school categories: lower elementary school (LE), upper elementary school (UE), junior high school (JH), and high school (H). Both sports-related acute and overuse injuries were recorded. After adjusting various covariates, weekly hours in sports were identified as a significant risk factor in LE and UE. The interaction of weekly hours in sports and sports specialization was significant in LE and UE, suggesting that early specialization would be a risk factor in lower school categories. In JH and H, female sex, high-level competition, and injury experienced in a previous school category were significantly related to sports-related injuries. In conclusion, weekly hours in sports, high-level competitions, previous injury experience, and sex were confirmed as risk factors in specific school categories. Most identified risk factors are modifiable, suggesting that sports-related injuries can be prevented in school-aged children and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bukatsu; extracurricular activities; injury epidemiology; Japan; school sports Bukatsu; extracurricular activities; injury epidemiology; Japan; school sports
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shigematsu, R.; Katoh, S.; Suzuki, K.; Nakata, Y.; Sasai, H. Risk Factors of Sports-Related Injury in School-Aged Children and Adolescents: A Retrospective Questionnaire Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 8662. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148662

AMA Style

Shigematsu R, Katoh S, Suzuki K, Nakata Y, Sasai H. Risk Factors of Sports-Related Injury in School-Aged Children and Adolescents: A Retrospective Questionnaire Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(14):8662. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148662

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shigematsu, Ryosuke, Shuta Katoh, Koya Suzuki, Yoshio Nakata, and Hiroyuki Sasai. 2022. "Risk Factors of Sports-Related Injury in School-Aged Children and Adolescents: A Retrospective Questionnaire Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 14: 8662. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148662

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