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Article

Mental Health Burden of the Russian–Ukrainian War 2022 (RUW-22): Anxiety and Depression Levels among Young Adults in Central Europe

1
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Centre for Global Mental Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel St., London WC1E 7HT, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ejemai Eboreime, Vincent Israel Opoku Agyapong and Raquel da Luz Dias
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(14), 8418; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148418
Received: 2 June 2022 / Revised: 1 July 2022 / Accepted: 7 July 2022 / Published: 9 July 2022
Armed conflicts are public health emergencies that affect human lives at multiple levels. The mental health of adolescents and young adults is at high risk during crisis settings; therefore, this cross-sectional survey-based study aimed to evaluate anxiety and depressive symptoms among university students in the Czech Republic following the Russian-Ukrainian war of 2022 (RUW-22). The study used standardized screening instruments; the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) for anxiety and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) for depression. Of 591 students who participated in this study, 67.7% were females, 68.2% held Czech citizenship, and 63.8% were enrolled in medical or healthcare programs. The participants were highly concerned about the RUW-22 news, with a mean score of 7.17 ± 2.50 (0–10). While 34% and 40.7% of the participants in this study manifested moderate to severe levels of anxiety and depression, respectively, the mental health burden of the RUW-22 was confirmed by the positive correlation between “feeling concerned”, GAD-7 (ρ = 0.454), and PHQ-9 (ρ = 0.326). Female gender, higher frequency of news following, and social media use were associated with higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms; thus, proposing them to be risk factors for psychological disorders following the RUW-22. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; armed conflicts; Czech Republic; depression; patient health questionnaire; students; Ukraine anxiety; armed conflicts; Czech Republic; depression; patient health questionnaire; students; Ukraine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Riad, A.; Drobov, A.; Krobot, M.; Antalová, N.; Alkasaby, M.A.; Peřina, A.; Koščík, M. Mental Health Burden of the Russian–Ukrainian War 2022 (RUW-22): Anxiety and Depression Levels among Young Adults in Central Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 8418. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148418

AMA Style

Riad A, Drobov A, Krobot M, Antalová N, Alkasaby MA, Peřina A, Koščík M. Mental Health Burden of the Russian–Ukrainian War 2022 (RUW-22): Anxiety and Depression Levels among Young Adults in Central Europe. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(14):8418. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148418

Chicago/Turabian Style

Riad, Abanoub, Anton Drobov, Martin Krobot, Natália Antalová, Muhammad Abdullatif Alkasaby, Aleš Peřina, and Michal Koščík. 2022. "Mental Health Burden of the Russian–Ukrainian War 2022 (RUW-22): Anxiety and Depression Levels among Young Adults in Central Europe" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 14: 8418. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19148418

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