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Article

Association between Daily Physical Activity and Locomotive Syndrome in Community-Dwelling Japanese Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study

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School of Science and Technology for Future Life, Tokyo Denki University, Tokyo 120-8551, Japan
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Faculty of Health Sports Science, Juntendo University, Chiba 270-1695, Japan
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School of Sport and Health Science, Tokai Gakuen University, Miyoshi 470-0207, Japan
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Department of Physical Activity Research, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition (NIBIOHN), Tokyo 162-8636, Japan
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School of Medicine, Tokai University, Isehara 259-1193, Japan
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COI Project Center, Juntendo University, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan
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Faculty of Business Administration, Seijoh University, Miyoshi 476-8588, Japan
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Graduate School of Health and Sports Science, Juntendo University, Chiba 270-1695, Japan
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Mito Medical Center, Tsukuba University Hospital, Ibaraki 310-0015, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dustin Scott Kehler
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 8164; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138164
Received: 13 May 2022 / Revised: 22 June 2022 / Accepted: 28 June 2022 / Published: 3 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior on Older Adults)
This study aimed to evaluate the association between locomotive syndrome (LS) and daily physical activity (PA) in community-dwelling older adults. This cross-sectional study included 80 healthy Japanese older adults (40 men and 40 women; age: 60–79 years). Habitual daily PA was evaluated using a triaxial wrist accelerometer. Participants were divided into two groups based on the results of the two-step test, stand-up test, and 25-question geriatric locomotive function scale. Binomial logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the statistical relationships between daily PA and category of LS, adjusting for age from adjusted odds ratio (adjusted OR) with the 95 percent confidence intervals (95%CI) and bootstrap 95%CI. The mean step count and time spent on moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were significantly higher among non-LS participants than among LS participants in women, but not in men. Logistic regression analyses indicated that spending longer than 28 min/day on MVPA was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of LS relative to short time category under 28 min/day in women (adjusted OR = 0.12, 95%CI = 0.02–0.59, bootstrap 95%CI = 0.01–0.43), but not in men. This study suggests that in community-dwelling older women, those with higher MVPA had lower odds of LS, and daily MVPA was associated with LS, but not in men. Therefore, the associations between LS and daily physical activity were partly dependent on sex differences. View Full-Text
Keywords: locomotive disorders; daily step count; moderate to vigorous physical activity; triaxial accelerometer; aging locomotive disorders; daily step count; moderate to vigorous physical activity; triaxial accelerometer; aging
MDPI and ACS Style

Ishihara, Y.; Ozaki, H.; Nakagata, T.; Yoshihara, T.; Natsume, T.; Kitada, T.; Ishibashi, M.; Deng, P.; Yamada, Y.; Kobayashi, H.; Machida, S.; Naito, H. Association between Daily Physical Activity and Locomotive Syndrome in Community-Dwelling Japanese Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 8164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138164

AMA Style

Ishihara Y, Ozaki H, Nakagata T, Yoshihara T, Natsume T, Kitada T, Ishibashi M, Deng P, Yamada Y, Kobayashi H, Machida S, Naito H. Association between Daily Physical Activity and Locomotive Syndrome in Community-Dwelling Japanese Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):8164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ishihara, Yoshihiko, Hayao Ozaki, Takashi Nakagata, Toshinori Yoshihara, Toshiharu Natsume, Tomoharu Kitada, Masayoshi Ishibashi, Pengyu Deng, Yasuyuki Yamada, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Shuichi Machida, and Hisashi Naito. 2022. "Association between Daily Physical Activity and Locomotive Syndrome in Community-Dwelling Japanese Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 8164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138164

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