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Article

Mental Health Literacy and Positive Mental Health in Adolescents: A Correlational Study

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Health School, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, 7300-555 Portalegre, Portugal
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Faculty of Nursing, University of Rovira i Virgili, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
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Nursing Research Unit for South and Islands (NURSE’IN), 2914-503 Setubal, Portugal
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VALORIZA—Research Centre for Endogenous Resource Valorization, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, 7300-555 Portalegre, Portugal
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School of Education and Social Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, 7300-109 Portalegre, Portugal
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Unidade de Investigação em Ciências Orais e Biomédicas (UICOB), Faculdade de Medicina Dentária, Universidade de Lisboa, Rua Teresa Ambrósio, 1600-277 Lisbon, Portugal
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Center for Innovative Care and Health Technology (ciTechcare), Polytechnic of Leiria, 2410-541 Leiria, Portugal
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Group Inovation and Development in Nursing (NursID), Centro de Investigação em Tecnologias e Serviços de Saúde (CINTESIS), 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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Nursing School of Porto, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Colizzi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 8165; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138165
Received: 26 May 2022 / Revised: 29 June 2022 / Accepted: 1 July 2022 / Published: 3 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Literacy, Self-Care and Mental Health: Assessment and Intervention)
This study aimed to assess adolescents′ Mental Health Literacy (MHL) level, Positive Mental Health (PMH) level, the association between sociodemographic variables and the MHL and PMH levels, and the relationship between adolescent′s MHL and PMH levels. A quantitative, cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted with a convenience sample of 260 adolescents studying in the 5th to 12th years of school. The Mental Health Knowledge Questionnaire, the Mental Health-Promoting Knowledge, and the Positive Mental Health Questionnaire were used for data collection. Most of the adolescents were female (55.8%) with a mean age of 14.07 years. The participants showed good levels of MHL (MHKQ). The participants showed good levels of MHL (MHKQ 𝘹¯ = 60.03; MHPK-10 𝘹¯ = 4.49) and high levels of PMH (𝘹¯ = 128.25). The adolescents with higher levels of MHL were the oldest, in a higher year of school, female, those whose mothers are employed, those who have healthy eating habits, and those who have a better body image self-perception. Adolescents in a lower year of school, with adequate sleep habits, who spend fewer hours a day in front of a screen or online, and who have a better self-perception of mental and physical health and body image were the ones with higher PMH levels. These findings suggest the need to implement experimental or quasi-experimental studies to ascertain the effectiveness of interventions that promote adolescents′ positive mental health literacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; mental health; mental health literacy; positive mental health; schools adolescents; mental health; mental health literacy; positive mental health; schools
MDPI and ACS Style

Nobre, J.; Calha, A.; Luis, H.; Oliveira, A.P.; Monteiro, F.; Ferré-Grau, C.; Sequeira, C. Mental Health Literacy and Positive Mental Health in Adolescents: A Correlational Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 8165. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138165

AMA Style

Nobre J, Calha A, Luis H, Oliveira AP, Monteiro F, Ferré-Grau C, Sequeira C. Mental Health Literacy and Positive Mental Health in Adolescents: A Correlational Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):8165. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138165

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nobre, Joana, António Calha, Henrique Luis, Ana Paula Oliveira, Francisco Monteiro, Carme Ferré-Grau, and Carlos Sequeira. 2022. "Mental Health Literacy and Positive Mental Health in Adolescents: A Correlational Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 8165. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138165

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