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Article

Rebuilding Social Capital through Osekkai Conferences in Rural Communities: A Social Network Analysis

1
Community Care, Unnan City Hospital, Daito-Cho, Unnan 699-1221, Japan
2
Department of Law and Economics, Faculty of Law and Literature, Shimane University, 1060 Nishikawatsu Cho, Matsue 690-8504, Japan
3
Community Nurse Company, 422 Satokata, Kisuki-Cho, Unnan 699-1311, Japan
4
Department of Community Medicine Management, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, 89-1 Enya Cho, Izumo 693-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou, Guillermo A. Cañadas-De la Fuente, José Luis Romero Béjar and Nora Suleiman-Martos
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 7912; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137912
Received: 26 May 2022 / Revised: 25 June 2022 / Accepted: 27 June 2022 / Published: 28 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthy Lifestyle: Health Promotion and Prevention)
Social prescribing can promote the creation of new relationships, which may then promote the building of social capital in communities. One example of a social prescribing tool in Japan is Osekkai conferences, which increase social participation and mitigate the degree of loneliness in rural communities. A clarification of the changes in social interaction and intensity of connections among people through Osekkai conferences could contribute to better social prescribing in rural communities. This social network study was conducted among people who have participated in an Osekkai conference. The primary outcomes of degrees and centrality were measured as the degree of social capital. The primary outcomes were compared between April and September 2021 and between October 2021 and March 2022. The continuous performance of Osekkai conferences as social prescribing tools led to an increase in conference participation, mainly by middle-aged women in the communities. Based on a social network analysis, the average direct connection with each person did not increase; the network density decreased gradually; the network diameter decreased from 6 to 5. Regarding the node-level statistics, harmonic closeness centrality and eccentricity decreased, and modularity increased. Social prescribing initiatives should focus on improving social capital in communities, which may improve the number and meaningfulness of the collaborations among organizations and indigenous communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: Osekkai; social prescribing; social capital; community activity; social network analysis; isolation Osekkai; social prescribing; social capital; community activity; social network analysis; isolation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ohta, R.; Maiguma, K.; Yata, A.; Sano, C. Rebuilding Social Capital through Osekkai Conferences in Rural Communities: A Social Network Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7912. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137912

AMA Style

Ohta R, Maiguma K, Yata A, Sano C. Rebuilding Social Capital through Osekkai Conferences in Rural Communities: A Social Network Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):7912. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137912

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ohta, Ryuichi, Koichi Maiguma, Akiko Yata, and Chiaki Sano. 2022. "Rebuilding Social Capital through Osekkai Conferences in Rural Communities: A Social Network Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 7912. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137912

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