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Article

Factors Associated with Underutilization of Maternity Health Care Cascade in Mozambique: Analysis of the 2015 National Health Survey

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Health System and Policy Program, Instituto Nacional de Saúde, Estrada Nacional 1, Parcela N° 3943, Vila de Marracuene 020502, Mozambique
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Global Health and Tropical Medicine, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Rua da Junqueira N° 100, 1349-008 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Khaled Khatab and Benn Sartorius
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 7861; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137861
Received: 8 May 2022 / Revised: 20 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 27 June 2022
Maternity health care services utilization determines maternal and neonate outcomes. Evidence about factors associated with composite non-utilization of four or more antenatal consultations and intrapartum health care services is needed in Mozambique. This study uses data from the 2015 nationwide Mozambique’s Malaria, Immunization and HIV Indicators Survey. At selected representative households, women (n = 2629) with child aged up to 3 years answered a standardized structured questionnaire. Adjusted binary logistic regression assessed associations between women-child pairs characteristics and non-utilization of maternity health care. Seventy five percent (95% confidence interval (CI) = 71.8–77.7%) of women missed a health care cascade step during their last pregnancy. Higher education (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.65; 95% CI = 0.46–0.91), lowest wealth (AOR = 2.1; 95% CI = 1.2–3.7), rural residency (AOR = 1.5; 95% CI = 1.1–2.2), living distant from health facility (AOR = 1.5; 95% CI = 1.1–1.9) and unknown HIV status (AOR = 1.9; 95% CI = 1.4–2.7) were factors associated with non-utilization of the maternity health care cascade. The study highlights that, by 2015, recommended maternity health care cascade utilization did not cover 7 out of 10 pregnant women in Mozambique. Unfavorable sociodemographic and economic factors increase the relative odds for women not being covered by the maternity health care cascade. View Full-Text
Keywords: factors; underutilization; maternity health care; Mozambique factors; underutilization; maternity health care; Mozambique
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chicumbe, S.; Martins, M.d.R.O. Factors Associated with Underutilization of Maternity Health Care Cascade in Mozambique: Analysis of the 2015 National Health Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7861. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137861

AMA Style

Chicumbe S, Martins MdRO. Factors Associated with Underutilization of Maternity Health Care Cascade in Mozambique: Analysis of the 2015 National Health Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):7861. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137861

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chicumbe, Sérgio, and Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins. 2022. "Factors Associated with Underutilization of Maternity Health Care Cascade in Mozambique: Analysis of the 2015 National Health Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 7861. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137861

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