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Article

The Psychophysiological Profile and Cardiac Autonomic Reactivity in Long-Term Female Yoga Practitioners: A Comparison with Runners and Sedentary Individuals

by 1,2, 3, 1,4, 5,6 and 1,4,7,*
1
Department of Sports Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
2
Division of Metabolism, Kaohsiung Municipal Feng-Shan Hospital, Kaohsiung 830, Taiwan
3
School of Physical Therapy & Athletic Training, Pacific University, Hillsboro, OR 97123, USA
4
Ph.D. Program in Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
5
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei City 106, Taiwan
6
Institute for Research Excellence in Learning Science, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei City 106, Taiwan
7
Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 7671; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137671
Received: 26 May 2022 / Revised: 15 June 2022 / Accepted: 21 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Yoga and Health)
Yoga practice, a means of stress management, has been reported to optimize psychophysiological health; however, its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychophysiological profile and cardiac autonomic reactivity in long-term yoga practitioners and compare them to runners and sedentary individuals. Psychological health and aerobic fitness level were evaluated using self-reported questionnaires and a 3-min step test. Blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), respiration rate (RR), and heart rate variability (HRV) parameters were recorded at rest, as well as during and following psychological stress, which was elicited by the Stroop color and word test and the mental arithmetic task. The yoga group demonstrated a lower RR (10.35 ± 2.13 bpm) as compared to the other two groups, and a lower HR (66.60 ± 7.55 bpm) and diastolic BP (67.75 ± 8.38 mmHg) at rest when compared to the sedentary group (all p < 0.05). HRV parameters following mental stress returned to the baseline in yoga and running groups, but not in the sedentary group. The anxiety level in the running group was significantly lower than that in the sedentary group (p < 0.05). These findings suggested that yoga practitioners may have a greater homeostatic capacity and autonomic resilience than do sedentary individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: yoga; running; heart rate variability; cardiovascular reactivity; stress response yoga; running; heart rate variability; cardiovascular reactivity; stress response
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, J.-R.; Wu, P.-T.; Wu, W.-L.; Chang, Y.-K.; Chu, I.-H. The Psychophysiological Profile and Cardiac Autonomic Reactivity in Long-Term Female Yoga Practitioners: A Comparison with Runners and Sedentary Individuals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7671. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137671

AMA Style

Lin J-R, Wu P-T, Wu W-L, Chang Y-K, Chu I-H. The Psychophysiological Profile and Cardiac Autonomic Reactivity in Long-Term Female Yoga Practitioners: A Comparison with Runners and Sedentary Individuals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):7671. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137671

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Jia-Ru, Pei-Tzu Wu, Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Kai Chang, and I-Hua Chu. 2022. "The Psychophysiological Profile and Cardiac Autonomic Reactivity in Long-Term Female Yoga Practitioners: A Comparison with Runners and Sedentary Individuals" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 7671. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137671

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