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Article

Benefits of Kangaroo Mother Care on the Physiological Stress Parameters of Preterm Infants and Mothers in Neonatal Intensive Care

1
Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Torrecárdenas University Hospital, 04009 Almería, Spain
2
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
3
Andalusian Council of Health at Almería Province, 04005 Almería, Spain
4
Pediatrics Department, Torrecárdenas University Hospital, 04009 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: U Rajendra Acharya and Oliver Faust
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(12), 7183; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127183
Received: 27 April 2022 / Revised: 8 June 2022 / Accepted: 9 June 2022 / Published: 11 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic Long Term Health Monitoring with Physiological Signals)
It is well documented that the stress of separation of mother and baby can lead to short-term physiological instability as well as neurological, sociological or psychological consequences that may last a lifetime. Objective: The goal was to estimate the effect of kangaroo mother care (KMC) on physiological and biochemical parameters of preterm infant stress and maternal stress in neonatal intensive care. Methods: The investigation involved 112 preterm infants. Two groups were compared according to the mean duration of KMC during 12 days of study: the KMC group (mean duration more than 90 min daily) and the control group (less than 90 min). Results: Kangaroo mother care for more than 90 min on average per day in preterm infants is associated 12 days after the intervention with lower mean cortisol levels (p = 0.02), greater weight gain and less need for parenteral nutrition in preterm infants, as well as less postpartum depression (p = 0.02) and lower cortisol levels (p = 0.002) in the mothers of preterm infants. Conclusions: This study suggests that KMC can be used to improve the stress of preterm infants and their mothers, and that the greater weight gain observed in these preterm infants could contribute to a shorter average hospital stay and lower healthcare expenditure. View Full-Text
Keywords: kangaroo mother care; preterm; stress; cortisol; neonatal intensive care kangaroo mother care; preterm; stress; cortisol; neonatal intensive care
MDPI and ACS Style

Cristóbal Cañadas, D.; Parrón Carreño, T.; Sánchez Borja, C.; Bonillo Perales, A. Benefits of Kangaroo Mother Care on the Physiological Stress Parameters of Preterm Infants and Mothers in Neonatal Intensive Care. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7183. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127183

AMA Style

Cristóbal Cañadas D, Parrón Carreño T, Sánchez Borja C, Bonillo Perales A. Benefits of Kangaroo Mother Care on the Physiological Stress Parameters of Preterm Infants and Mothers in Neonatal Intensive Care. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(12):7183. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127183

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cristóbal Cañadas, Delia, Tesifón Parrón Carreño, Cristina Sánchez Borja, and Antonio Bonillo Perales. 2022. "Benefits of Kangaroo Mother Care on the Physiological Stress Parameters of Preterm Infants and Mothers in Neonatal Intensive Care" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 12: 7183. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127183

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