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Article

Business Leadership from a Gender Perspective and Its Impact on the Work Environment and Employee’s Well-Being in Companies in the Basque Country

Faculty of Education and Sport, University of Deusto, Avda. Universidades 24, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
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Academic Editors: Ramon Flecha and Adriana Aubert
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010030
Received: 23 November 2021 / Revised: 15 December 2021 / Accepted: 17 December 2021 / Published: 21 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Masculinities' Influence on Health)
If the workplace environment is good, the health and well-being of employees will be good too. This research aims to distinguish whether there are differences when it comes to being directed by a man or a woman and whether this affects employees. An ad hoc questionnaire was applied, collecting personal information and including the MLQ-6 S. It was sent by mail and answered by 549 employees of 16 companies in the Basque Country, Spain. A total of 277 (50.5%) men and 272 (49.5%) women participated, among whom there were 63 managers. The methodology shows a double perspective of how employees understand and perceive the differences between male and female business leaders and how managers see themselves exercising this leadership. No significant differences have been perceived. Both men and women believe they make their employees feel good about exercising leadership (M = 42.11%, W = 48.00%) quite often. Employed women consider it more challenging to become leaders and reconcile their work-life. Men do not think so. Communication is the tool that women managers know best how to handle and where men seem to fail more. Working on it could achieve more business success and better health in employees. View Full-Text
Keywords: leadership; organizational culture; work environment; occupational health; well-being leadership; organizational culture; work environment; occupational health; well-being
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moreno, A.; Díez, F.; Ferreira, L. Business Leadership from a Gender Perspective and Its Impact on the Work Environment and Employee’s Well-Being in Companies in the Basque Country. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010030

AMA Style

Moreno A, Díez F, Ferreira L. Business Leadership from a Gender Perspective and Its Impact on the Work Environment and Employee’s Well-Being in Companies in the Basque Country. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(1):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moreno, Antonia, Fernando Díez, and Luana Ferreira. 2022. "Business Leadership from a Gender Perspective and Its Impact on the Work Environment and Employee’s Well-Being in Companies in the Basque Country" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 1: 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010030

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