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Article

Associations of Occupational Heat Stress and Noise Exposure with Carotid Atherosclerosis among Chinese Steelworkers: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063210, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Ivo Iavicoli
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010024
Received: 2 November 2021 / Revised: 17 December 2021 / Accepted: 18 December 2021 / Published: 21 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Occupational exposure to heat stress and noise at the workplace are widespread physical hazards and have been associated with an increase in both morbidity and mortality. This study aims to examine the association between occupational heat stress and noise exposure and carotid atherosclerosis in Chinese steelworkers. A total of 3471 subjects were included in this study. Carotid plaque was measured using ultrasonography. The occupational information was collected by face-to-face personal interviews and all of the reported information was verified with the company’s records. Workers were divided into non-exposure and exposure groups according to the company’s records regarding previous and/or current heat stress and noise exposure status in the workplace. The prevalence of carotid plaque was 30.1% in the study population and workers exposed to both occupational heat stress and noise had the highest prevalence of carotid plaque at 37.2%. The odds of carotid plaque in individuals of different exposure status were significantly elevated after adjustment for potential confounders, especially in the heat stress and noise exposure combination group: OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.06 to 1.65, in individuals who had experienced heat stress exposure; OR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.18 to 1.88, in individuals who had experienced noise exposure; OR = 2.02, 95% CI: 1.60 to 2.56, in the combination group. No significant association in female workers and no significant multiplicative or additive interactions were found between occupational heat stress and noise exposure and carotid plaque. Exposure to occupational heat stress and noise are statistically associated with carotid atherosclerosis among male steelworkers. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational heat stress; occupational noise exposure; carotid plaque; atherosclerosis; steelworkers occupational heat stress; occupational noise exposure; carotid plaque; atherosclerosis; steelworkers
MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, L.; Yu, M.; Zhang, S.; Li, X.; Yuan, J. Associations of Occupational Heat Stress and Noise Exposure with Carotid Atherosclerosis among Chinese Steelworkers: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010024

AMA Style

Wang L, Yu M, Zhang S, Li X, Yuan J. Associations of Occupational Heat Stress and Noise Exposure with Carotid Atherosclerosis among Chinese Steelworkers: A Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(1):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Lihua, Miao Yu, Shengkui Zhang, Xiaoming Li, and Juxiang Yuan. 2022. "Associations of Occupational Heat Stress and Noise Exposure with Carotid Atherosclerosis among Chinese Steelworkers: A Cross-Sectional Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 1: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010024

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