Next Article in Journal
Facial and Oral Manifestations Following COVID-19 Vaccination: A Survey-Based Study and a First Perspective
Next Article in Special Issue
The Reciprocal Relationship between Socioeconomic Status and Health and the Influence of Sex: A European SHARE-Analysis Based on Structural Equation Modeling
Previous Article in Journal
Regulation of Energy Substrate Metabolism in Endurance Exercise
Previous Article in Special Issue
Variability Matters
Article

Methods for Estimating Avoidable Costs of Excessive Alcohol Consumption

1
Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, 760 00 Zlín, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Mining, Ecology, Process Control and Geotechnologies, Technical University of Košice, 042 00 Košice, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sören Möller
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4964; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094964
Received: 28 March 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 3 May 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Statistical and Epidemiological Methods in Public Health)
Background: Alcohol is a risk factor with serious consequences for society and individuals. This study aims to present methods and approaches that might be used to estimate the costs related to excessive alcohol consumption. It emphasizes the need for general methods and approaches that are easily applicable, because the level of digitalization and data availability vary across regions. The lack of data makes many methods inapplicable and useless. The ease of applicability will help to make cost-of-illness studies and their results comparable globally. Methods: This study is based on data from the Czech Republic in 2017. Drinking alcohol results in costs of healthcare, social care, law enforcement, and administrative costs of public authorities. To quantify the cost of drinking in the Czech Republic, the top-down approach, bottom-up approach, human capital approach and attributable fractions were used. Results: In 2017, the cost related to alcohol was estimated at 0.66% of the national GDP. Lost productivity represented 54.45% of total cost related to alcohol. All cost related to alcohol is considered to be avoidable. Conclusions: The methods and approaches applied to estimate the cost of disease or any other health issue should be generalized regarding the availability of data and specifics of provided services to people who are addicted or have any kind of disability. View Full-Text
Keywords: cost of illness; alcohol addiction; lost productivity; Czech Republic cost of illness; alcohol addiction; lost productivity; Czech Republic
MDPI and ACS Style

Gavurova, B.; Tarhanicova, M. Methods for Estimating Avoidable Costs of Excessive Alcohol Consumption. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4964. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094964

AMA Style

Gavurova B, Tarhanicova M. Methods for Estimating Avoidable Costs of Excessive Alcohol Consumption. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4964. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094964

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gavurova, Beata, and Miriama Tarhanicova. 2021. "Methods for Estimating Avoidable Costs of Excessive Alcohol Consumption" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4964. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094964

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop