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Open AccessArticle

Variability Matters

1
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Biodemography, University of Southern Denmark, Winsløwsvej 9B, 5000 Odense, Denmark
2
Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Winsløwsvej 9B, 5000 Odense, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(1), 157; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010157
Received: 25 November 2020 / Revised: 23 December 2020 / Accepted: 25 December 2020 / Published: 28 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Statistical and Epidemiological Methods in Public Health)
Much of science, including public health research, focuses on means (averages). The purpose of the present paper is to reinforce the idea that variability matters just as well. At the hand of four examples, we highlight four classes of situations where the conclusion drawn on the basis of the mean alone is qualitatively altered when variability is also considered. We suggest that some of the more serendipitous results have their origin in variability. View Full-Text
Keywords: inequality; statistical inference; forecasting; lifespan; socioeconomic status; academic performance inequality; statistical inference; forecasting; lifespan; socioeconomic status; academic performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wensink, M.J.; Ahrenfeldt, L.J.; Möller, S. Variability Matters. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 157. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010157

AMA Style

Wensink MJ, Ahrenfeldt LJ, Möller S. Variability Matters. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(1):157. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010157

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wensink, Maarten J.; Ahrenfeldt, Linda J.; Möller, Sören. 2021. "Variability Matters" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 1: 157. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010157

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