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Article

Physical Activity and Perceived Physical Fitness during the COVID-19 Epidemic: A Population of 40- to 69-Year-Olds in Japan

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Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan
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Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan
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Department of Rehabilitation, Tarumizu Municipal Medical Center Tarumizu Chuo Hospital, 1-140 Kinco-cho, Tarumizu, Kagoshima 891-2124, Japan
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Department of Physical Therapy, Kagoshima Medical Professional College, 5417-1 Hirakawa, Kagoshima 891-0133, Japan
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Department of Rehabilitation, Japan Community Health Care Organization Kumamoto General Hospital, 10-10 Tori-cho, Yatsushiro, Kumamoto 866-8660, Japan
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Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Daiichi Institute of Technology, 1-10-2 Kokubuchuo, Kirishima, Kagoshima 899-4395, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Filipe Manuel Clemente, Juan Pedro Fuentes García and Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4832; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094832
Received: 1 April 2021 / Revised: 28 April 2021 / Accepted: 29 April 2021 / Published: 30 April 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an abrupt change in lifestyle for many people with restrictions, often leading to a decrease in physical activity (PA), and thus contributing to a negative perception of health status. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the COVID-19 epidemic on physical activity and perceived physical fitness in Japanese adults aged 40 to 69 years. Data were collected from an online survey conducted between October 19 and 28, 2020. The analytic sample consisted of 1989 Japanese adults (mean age, 50.1 ± 6.9 years; women, 38.9%) who were aged between 40 and 69 years and completed the online survey. Overall, the PA time per week decreased by 32.4% between October 2019 and April 2020. A decrease in PA time was recorded in October 2020; however, a decline of 15.5% was observed. Compared to individuals who did not perceive a decline in physical fitness, individuals who perceived declining physical fitness during the COVID-19 state of emergency demonstrated a greater decrease in PA time in April 2020 (–50.5%), and this trend continued into October 2020 (–25.0%). These findings may indicate that Japanese adults aged 40 to 69 years who perceived declining physical fitness experienced a greater decrease in physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; midlife; COVID-19 physical activity; midlife; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Makizako, H.; Akaida, S.; Shono, S.; Shiiba, R.; Taniguchi, Y.; Shiratsuchi, D.; Nakai, Y. Physical Activity and Perceived Physical Fitness during the COVID-19 Epidemic: A Population of 40- to 69-Year-Olds in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4832. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094832

AMA Style

Makizako H, Akaida S, Shono S, Shiiba R, Taniguchi Y, Shiratsuchi D, Nakai Y. Physical Activity and Perceived Physical Fitness during the COVID-19 Epidemic: A Population of 40- to 69-Year-Olds in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4832. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094832

Chicago/Turabian Style

Makizako, Hyuma, Shoma Akaida, Saki Shono, Ryuhei Shiiba, Yoshiaki Taniguchi, Daijo Shiratsuchi, and Yuki Nakai. 2021. "Physical Activity and Perceived Physical Fitness during the COVID-19 Epidemic: A Population of 40- to 69-Year-Olds in Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4832. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094832

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