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The National ReferAll Database: An Open Dataset of Exercise Referral Schemes Across the UK

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Ukactive Research Institute, Ukactive, London WC1A 2SL, UK
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Faculty of Sport, Health, and Social Sciences, Solent University, Southampton SO14 0YN, UK
3
The Advanced Wellbeing Research Centre, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S9 3TU, UK
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The National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine, Sheffield S9 3TY, UK
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ReferAll Ltd., Worthing BN11 1LY, UK
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4Global Consulting Ltd., London W4 5YG, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul Kelly, Coral Hanson and Kelly Morgan
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4831; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094831
Received: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 30 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Referral and Social Prescribing for Physical Activity)
In 2014, The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) called for the development of a system to collate local data on exercise referral schemes (ERS). This database would be used to facilitate continued evaluation of ERS. The use of health databases can spur scientific investigation and the generation of evidence regarding healthcare practice. NICE’s recommendation has not yet been met by public health bodies. Through collaboration between ukactive, ReferAll, a specialist in software solutions for exercise referral, and the National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine, which has its research hub at the Advanced Wellbeing Research Centre, in Sheffield, data has been collated from multiple UK-based ERS to generate one of the largest databases of its kind. This database moves the research community towards meeting NICEs recommendation. This paper describes the formation and open sharing of The National ReferAll Database, data-cleaning processes, and its structure, including outcome measures. Collating data from 123 ERSs on 39,283 individuals, a database has been created containing both scheme and referral level characteristics in addition to outcome measures over time. The National ReferAll Database is openly available for researchers to interrogate. The National ReferAll Database represents a potentially valuable resource for the wider research community, as well as policy makers and practitioners in this area, which will facilitate a better understanding of ERS and other physical-activity-related social prescribing pathways to help inform public health policy and practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: health database; exercise referral; physical activity; big data health database; exercise referral; physical activity; big data
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MDPI and ACS Style

Steele, J.; Wade, M.; Copeland, R.J.; Stokes, S.; Stokes, R.; Mann, S. The National ReferAll Database: An Open Dataset of Exercise Referral Schemes Across the UK. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4831. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094831

AMA Style

Steele J, Wade M, Copeland RJ, Stokes S, Stokes R, Mann S. The National ReferAll Database: An Open Dataset of Exercise Referral Schemes Across the UK. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4831. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094831

Chicago/Turabian Style

Steele, James, Matthew Wade, Robert J. Copeland, Stuart Stokes, Rachel Stokes, and Steven Mann. 2021. "The National ReferAll Database: An Open Dataset of Exercise Referral Schemes Across the UK" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4831. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094831

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