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Article

Assessment of Good Practices in Community-Based Interventions for Physical Activity Promotion: Development of a User-Friendly Tool

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Programa Nacional para a Promoção da Atividade Física, Direção-Geral da Saúde, 1049 Lisboa, Portugal
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Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1495 Lisboa, Portugal
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Católica Research Centre for Psychological, Family and Social Wellbeing, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, 1649 Lisbon, Portugal
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CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, 1495 Lisboa, Portugal
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Faculty of Sports Science and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, 3040 Coimbra, Portugal
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Research Group on Culture and Education, University of Girona, 17004 Girona, Spain
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Qantara Sports, Dubai 122560, United Arab Emirates
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Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University do Porto, 4200 Porto, Portugal
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Laboratory for Integrative and Translational Research in Population Health (ITR), 4050 Porto, Portugal
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EPIUnit-Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, 4050 Porto, Portugal
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Northern Region Health Administration, 4000 Porto, Portugal
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CIDEFES, Faculdade de Educação Física e Desporto, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, 1749 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4734; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094734
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 26 April 2021 / Accepted: 26 April 2021 / Published: 29 April 2021
Tools to identify good practices in the design, implementation, and evaluation of physical activity community-based interventions (PACIs) are key to address the physical inactivity pandemic. Existing tools tend to be extensive and with limited applicability to assess small-scale PACIs. This work aimed to report the development and preliminary validity results of a simple, practical, and user-friendly tool to evaluate PACIs in local/municipal contexts. Eighty-six good practice characteristics defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), the Joint Action Framework on Chronic Diseases (CHRODIS), and an umbrella review of good practice characteristics of diet and physical activity interventions were initially extracted and refined in four rounds of revision from an expert panel using a Delphi-type methodology and rated on their relative importance. A pilot application was conducted, and data on the tool usability and applicability were collected through three semi-structured interviews with specialists and coordinators of local/municipal PACIs. For preliminary validation, the refined tool was applied to five community-based programs mostly aimed at an elderly population. The final tool included thirty-four selected characteristics, with a brief explanation and practical examples for each, under three main sections: design, evaluation, and implementation. Each characteristic has a rating (i.e., somewhat important, highly important, mandatory) and a percentage weight. Preliminary validation of this tool pointed to an adequate evaluation of good practice characteristics of municipal PACIs in a reliable, practical, and user-friendly way. Given its adequacy, this tool can support the definition of quality standards for PACIs, encouraging their dissemination and adoption at a regional or national level. View Full-Text
Keywords: health promotion; physical activity programs; municipalities; evaluation tool health promotion; physical activity programs; municipalities; evaluation tool
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MDPI and ACS Style

Franco, S.; Godinho, C.; Silva, C.S.; Avelar-Rosa, B.; Santos, R.; Mendes, R.; Silva, M.N. Assessment of Good Practices in Community-Based Interventions for Physical Activity Promotion: Development of a User-Friendly Tool. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094734

AMA Style

Franco S, Godinho C, Silva CS, Avelar-Rosa B, Santos R, Mendes R, Silva MN. Assessment of Good Practices in Community-Based Interventions for Physical Activity Promotion: Development of a User-Friendly Tool. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094734

Chicago/Turabian Style

Franco, Sofia; Godinho, Cristina; Silva, Catarina S.; Avelar-Rosa, Bruno; Santos, Rute; Mendes, Romeu; Silva, Marlene N. 2021. "Assessment of Good Practices in Community-Based Interventions for Physical Activity Promotion: Development of a User-Friendly Tool" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 9: 4734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094734

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