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Article

Exploring the Determinants of Repeated-Sprint Ability in Adult Women Soccer Players

1
Faculty of Educational Sciences and Sports Sciences, University of Vigo, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
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Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
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University of Coimbra, Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, 3004-531 Coimbra, Portugal
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Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Pontifical University of Comillas (Centro de Estudios Superiores Alberta Giménez), 07013 Palma, Spain
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BIOVETMED & SPORTSCI Research Group, University of Murcia, 30720 San Javier, Spain
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Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of the Basque Country, UPV-EHU, Lasarte 71, 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Veronique Billat
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4595; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094595
Received: 25 March 2021 / Revised: 20 April 2021 / Accepted: 24 April 2021 / Published: 26 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women in Sports and Exercise: From Health to Sports Performance)
This study aimed to explore the main determinants of repeated-sprint ability (RSA) in women soccer players considering aerobic capacity, sprinting performance, change-of-direction, vertical height jump, and hip adductor/abductor isometric strength. Twenty-two women soccer players from the same team participating in the first Portuguese league were observed. Fitness assessments were performed three times during a 22-week cohort period. The following assessments were made: (i) hip abductor and adductor strength, (ii) squat and countermovement jump (height), (iii) change-of-direction test, (iv) linear sprinting at 10- and 30-m, (v) RSA test, and (vi) Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1. Positive moderate correlations were found between peak minimum RSA and adductor and abductor strength (r = 0.51, p < 0.02 and r = 0.54, p < 0.01, respectively). Positive moderate correlations were also found between peak maximum RSA and adductor and abductor strength (r = 0.55, p < 0.02 and r = 0.46, p < 0.01, respectively). Lastly, a moderate negative correlation was found between fatigue index in RSA and YYIR1 test performance (r = −0.62, p < 0.004). In conclusion, abductor and adductor isometric strength-based coadjutant training programs, together with a high degree of aerobic endurance, may be suitable for inducing RSA in female soccer players. View Full-Text
Keywords: football; athletic performance; anaerobic; aerobic; sports training football; athletic performance; anaerobic; aerobic; sports training
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonçalves, L.; Clemente, F.M.; Barrera, J.I.; Sarmento, H.; González-Fernández, F.T.; Rico-González, M.; Carral, J.M.C. Exploring the Determinants of Repeated-Sprint Ability in Adult Women Soccer Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4595. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094595

AMA Style

Gonçalves L, Clemente FM, Barrera JI, Sarmento H, González-Fernández FT, Rico-González M, Carral JMC. Exploring the Determinants of Repeated-Sprint Ability in Adult Women Soccer Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4595. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094595

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gonçalves, Lillian, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Joel Ignacio Barrera, Hugo Sarmento, Francisco Tomás González-Fernández, Markel Rico-González, and José María Cancela Carral. 2021. "Exploring the Determinants of Repeated-Sprint Ability in Adult Women Soccer Players" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4595. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094595

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