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Article

Factors Influencing Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults in Rural Areas: Oral Dryness and Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior

College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, 52 Ewhayeodaegil Seodaemungu, Seoul 03760, Korea
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Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou and Denis Bourgeois
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4295; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084295
Received: 28 February 2021 / Revised: 12 April 2021 / Accepted: 16 April 2021 / Published: 18 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue To Be Healthy for the Elderly: Long Term Care Issues around the World)
The oral health of older adults is an important factor affecting their overall health and quality of life. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of oral health of older adults living at home in rural areas and investigate factors affecting oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), especially oral dryness and oral health knowledge and behavior. A descriptive correlational study was conducted. In total, 117 participants were included in the final analysis. Data were collected using questionnaires for oral dryness, oral health knowledge and behavior, and OHRQoL. In addition, oral dryness was measured by mechanical measurements. Oral health knowledge was positively correlated with oral health behavior (r = 0.18, p = 0.029) and OHRQoL (r = 0.25, p = 0.003). In addition, a positive correlation between oral health behavior and OHRQoL (r = 0.24, p = 0.005) was observed. Multiple regression analysis revealed that subjective oral dryness (β = −4.99, p = 0.001) had a significant effect on OHRQoL. To improve OHRQoL in the rural elderly, health providers should pay attention to oral dryness and comprehensively evaluate it. The development of prevention programs and continuous education that can improve oral health knowledge and behavior is also required. View Full-Text
Keywords: xerostomia; knowledge; behavior; quality of life; aged xerostomia; knowledge; behavior; quality of life; aged
MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, E.; Jung, D. Factors Influencing Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults in Rural Areas: Oral Dryness and Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4295. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084295

AMA Style

Choi E, Jung D. Factors Influencing Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults in Rural Areas: Oral Dryness and Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4295. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084295

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Eunju, and Dukyoo Jung. 2021. "Factors Influencing Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults in Rural Areas: Oral Dryness and Oral Health Knowledge and Behavior" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4295. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084295

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