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Systematic Review

Medial Sigmoid Depression of the Mandibular Ramus as a Lesion-Mimicking Anatomical Variation: A Systematic Review

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Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Applied Oral Sciences and Community Dental Care, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandro Del Vecchio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4271; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084271
Received: 19 March 2021 / Revised: 12 April 2021 / Accepted: 15 April 2021 / Published: 17 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research, Investigation and Treatment on Oral Health)
(1) Background: Medial sigmoid depression (MSD) of the mandibular ramus is an anatomical variation that resembles non-odontogenic cystic lesion. (2) Aim: The aim of this systematic review was to survey the literature to identify the relevant journal publications, reveal their scientific impact in terms of citations and compare the reported prevalence of MSD. (3) Materials and methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science were queried to identify relevant publications. The search string was: “medial depression of mandibular ramus” OR “medial depression of the mandibular ramus” OR “medial depression of the mandibular rami” OR “medial depression of mandibular rami” OR “medial sigmoid depression”. (4) Results: Eight studies were identified. Dry mandibles and patient dental panoramic radiographs were evaluated in four and seven of the eight studies, respectively. The prevalence of MSD varied from 20.2% to 82.0%. In male and female patients, the prevalence was 18.3–76.0% and 22.0–64.0%, respectively. MSD tended to occur bilaterally and most prevalent in patients with Angle’s Class II occlusion. The semilunar and triangular shapes were more common than teardrop and circular shapes. The most cited study had 12 citations. (5) Conclusions: MSD was a seldom investigated and cited anatomical variation that was not uncommon. Its recognition should be further promoted. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental radiology; panoramic radiograph; anatomical variation; lesion; radiographic diagnosis; prevalence; diagnostic imaging dental radiology; panoramic radiograph; anatomical variation; lesion; radiographic diagnosis; prevalence; diagnostic imaging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yeung, A.W.K.; Wong, N.S.M. Medial Sigmoid Depression of the Mandibular Ramus as a Lesion-Mimicking Anatomical Variation: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4271. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084271

AMA Style

Yeung AWK, Wong NSM. Medial Sigmoid Depression of the Mandibular Ramus as a Lesion-Mimicking Anatomical Variation: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4271. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084271

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yeung, Andy W.K., and Natalie S.M. Wong 2021. "Medial Sigmoid Depression of the Mandibular Ramus as a Lesion-Mimicking Anatomical Variation: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4271. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084271

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