Next Article in Journal
Fungal and Bacterial Endophytes as Microbial Control Agents for Plant-Parasitic Nematodes
Previous Article in Journal
Probiotic Supplements on Oncology Patients’ Treatment-Related Side Effects: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
Previous Article in Special Issue
Pollution Source Apportionment and Water Quality Risk Evaluation of a Drinking Water Reservoir during Flood Seasons
Open AccessReview

Biopollution by Invasive Marine Non-Indigenous Species: A Review of Potential Adverse Ecological Effects in a Changing Climate

Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia, Via Sant’Epifanio, 14, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Academic Editor: Daniela Varrica
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4268; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084268
Received: 4 March 2021 / Revised: 4 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 April 2021 / Published: 17 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Environmental Risk Assessment)
Biopollution by alien species is considered one of the main threats to environmental health. The marine environment, traditionally less studied than inland domains, has been the object of recent work that is reviewed here. Increasing scientific evidence has been accumulated worldwide on ecosystem deterioration induced by the development of massive non-indigenous population outbreaks in many coastal sites. Biopollution assessment procedures have been proposed, adopting criteria already used for xenochemical compounds, adjusting them to deal with alien species invasions. On the other hand, prevention and mitigation measures to reduce biopollution impact cannot always mimic the emission countermeasures that have been successfully applied for chemical pollutants. Nevertheless, in order to design comprehensive water-quality criteria, risk assessment and management strategies, based on scientific knowledge, have been developed in a similar way as for chemical pollution. The Mediterranean Sea is a well-known case of alien species invasion, mainly linked to the opening of the Suez Canal. Non-indigenous species have caused well-documented changes in many coastal ecosystems, favoured by concomitant changes induced by global warming and by the heavy load of nutrients and pollutants by various anthropogenic activities. Naval commercial traffic and leisure boats are among the most active vectors of spread for alien species inside the Mediterranean, and also towards other ocean regions. The scientific evidence gathered and summarized in this review suggests that effective management actions, under a precautionary approach, should be put in place in order to control introductions of species in new areas. These management measures are already established in international treaties and national legislations, but should be enforced to prevent the disruption of the dynamic ecological equilibria in the receiving environment and to control the direct adverse effects of alien species. View Full-Text
Keywords: biological invasions; risk assessment; Mediterranean Sea; pollution management biological invasions; risk assessment; Mediterranean Sea; pollution management
MDPI and ACS Style

Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A. Biopollution by Invasive Marine Non-Indigenous Species: A Review of Potential Adverse Ecological Effects in a Changing Climate. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4268. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084268

AMA Style

Occhipinti-Ambrogi A. Biopollution by Invasive Marine Non-Indigenous Species: A Review of Potential Adverse Ecological Effects in a Changing Climate. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4268. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084268

Chicago/Turabian Style

Occhipinti-Ambrogi, Anna. 2021. "Biopollution by Invasive Marine Non-Indigenous Species: A Review of Potential Adverse Ecological Effects in a Changing Climate" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4268. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084268

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop