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Article

Quality of Gerontological Nursing and Ageism: What Factors Influence on Nurses’ Ageism in South Korea?

by 1 and 2,*
1
Department of Nursing, Wonkwang University, Iksan 54538, Korea
2
College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4091; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084091
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 10 April 2021 / Published: 13 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue To Be Healthy for the Elderly: Long Term Care Issues around the World)
With the aging of the population, age-related problems are emerging, which has caused age discrimination. Particularly, most nurses care for a large number of old patients in the clinical setting. Nurses’ attitude toward the clients has a significant effect on the quality of nursing, so it is time to identify their perspective to the aged. The quality of nursing could greatly depend on who provides and how to provide care. If older patients meet nursing staff with an ageist perspective, whether intentionally or unintentionally, they experience negative attitudes toward them during served health care, and trust cannot be formed, resulting in a deterioration in the quality of medical services. This study aimed to identify factors influencing nurses’ ageism attitudes. A total of 162 general hospital nurses completed a questionnaire consisting of the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS), the Contact with Elderly People (CEP), the Anxiety about Aging Scale (AAS), and the Fraboni Scale of Ageism (FSA). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé post hoc, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression using SPSS/WIN 26.0 program. The average score of FSA was 2.63 ± 0.36 (range 1–4); FSA showed a statistical difference according to cohabitation with an old adult in the past (t = 2.42, p = 0.017). Factors influencing FSA were the fear of old people (β = 0.34, p < 0.001) and fear of loss (β = 0.28, p < 0.001) of the AAS; and these variables explained 21.1% of FSA (F = 22.56, p < 0.001). Based on these results, the development and application of nursing education focused on intergenerational contact is needed in order to reduce the anxiety about aging and to acquire a high quality of gerontological nursing with a reduction of ageism. View Full-Text
Keywords: ageism; intelligence; emotional; anxiety; aging; nursing staff ageism; intelligence; emotional; anxiety; aging; nursing staff
MDPI and ACS Style

Hwang, E.H.; Kim, K.H. Quality of Gerontological Nursing and Ageism: What Factors Influence on Nurses’ Ageism in South Korea? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4091. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084091

AMA Style

Hwang EH, Kim KH. Quality of Gerontological Nursing and Ageism: What Factors Influence on Nurses’ Ageism in South Korea? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4091. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084091

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hwang, Eun H., and Kon H. Kim 2021. "Quality of Gerontological Nursing and Ageism: What Factors Influence on Nurses’ Ageism in South Korea?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4091. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084091

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