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Article

The Relationship between Health Perception and Health Predictors among the Elderly across European Countries

1
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
2
N2i, Polytechnic Institute of Maia, 4475-690 Maia, Portugal
3
The Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
4
HealthyFit Research Group, Institute of Health Research Galicia Sur (IISGS), Hospital University Complex of Pontevedra (CHOP), SERGAS, University of Vigo, 36310 Pontevedra, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4053; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084053
Received: 4 March 2021 / Revised: 27 March 2021 / Accepted: 27 March 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuromuscular Responses and Adaptations in Exercise, Sport and Health)
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between health perception and health predictors among the elderly. In this study, 376 older adults from four different countries (Hungary, n = 86; Italy, n = 133; Portugal, n = 95; and Spain, n = 62) were analyzed. All subjects completed the EQ-5D-5L to assess their quality-adjusted life years and were assessed in handgrip (HG) and in Timed Up and Go (TUG) tests. A three-way MANOVA was conducted to analyze the groups based on their age, sex, and country. The interaction effects in all included variables were also considered. The Bonferroni test was also executed as a post hoc test. Any interaction results were noticed. Regarding age, lower perceived quality of life scores and higher TUG results were registered in the oldest group, and greater values of left and right HG results were registered in the second-oldest group. Males showed greater left and right HG values than women. Spain showed lower perceived quality of life scores. Portugal and Italy showed greater HG left values, while Portugal had better HG right values. Hungary produced the greatest TUG scores. Quality of life is dependent on the subject’s age and physical fitness, as increasing age was associated with decreased values of HG and TUG. Only strength was different between sexes. View Full-Text
Keywords: elderly; strength; quality of life; agility; sex; country elderly; strength; quality of life; agility; sex; country
MDPI and ACS Style

Silva, A.F.; Cancela, J.M.; Mollinedo, I.; Camões, M.; Bezerra, P. The Relationship between Health Perception and Health Predictors among the Elderly across European Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4053. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084053

AMA Style

Silva AF, Cancela JM, Mollinedo I, Camões M, Bezerra P. The Relationship between Health Perception and Health Predictors among the Elderly across European Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4053. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084053

Chicago/Turabian Style

Silva, Ana F., Jose Mª Cancela, Irimia Mollinedo, Miguel Camões, and Pedro Bezerra. 2021. "The Relationship between Health Perception and Health Predictors among the Elderly across European Countries" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4053. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084053

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