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Review

A Systematic Review to Examine the Evidence in Developing Social Prescribing Interventions That Apply a Co-Productive, Co-Designed Approach to Improve Well-Being Outcomes in a Community Setting

1
School of Health Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor LL57 2EF, UK
2
Centre for Health Economics and Medicine Evaluation, Bangor University, Bangor LL57 2PZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: María Ruzafa-Martínez
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3896; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083896
Received: 13 March 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 April 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evidence-Based Practice and Advanced Nursing Care)
This systematic review aims to investigate the evidence in applying a co-design, co-productive approach to develop social prescribing interventions. A growing body of evidence suggests that co-production and co-design are methods that can be applied to engage service users as knowledgeable assets who can contribute to developing sustainable health services. Applying the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic literature search was conducted. Peer-reviewed articles were sought using electronic databases, experts and grey literature. The review search concluded with eight observational studies. Quality appraisal methods were influenced by the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Framework approach. A narrative thematic synthesis of the results was conducted. The evidence suggests that a co-design and co-productive social prescribing can lead to positive well-being outcomes among communities. Barriers and facilitators of co-production and co-design approach were also highlighted within the evidence. The evidence within this review confirms that a co-production and co-design would be an effective approach to engage stakeholders in the development and implementation of a SP intervention within a community setting. The evidence also implies that SP initiatives can be enhanced from the outset, by drawing on stakeholder knowledge to design a service that improves health and well-being outcomes for community members. View Full-Text
Keywords: social prescribing; co-production; co-design; patient-centred care; effectiveness assessment; health; well-being; health equity; social determinants of health; healthy people programs social prescribing; co-production; co-design; patient-centred care; effectiveness assessment; health; well-being; health equity; social determinants of health; healthy people programs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thomas, G.; Lynch, M.; Spencer, L.H. A Systematic Review to Examine the Evidence in Developing Social Prescribing Interventions That Apply a Co-Productive, Co-Designed Approach to Improve Well-Being Outcomes in a Community Setting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3896. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083896

AMA Style

Thomas G, Lynch M, Spencer LH. A Systematic Review to Examine the Evidence in Developing Social Prescribing Interventions That Apply a Co-Productive, Co-Designed Approach to Improve Well-Being Outcomes in a Community Setting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):3896. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083896

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thomas, Gwenlli, Mary Lynch, and Llinos H. Spencer 2021. "A Systematic Review to Examine the Evidence in Developing Social Prescribing Interventions That Apply a Co-Productive, Co-Designed Approach to Improve Well-Being Outcomes in a Community Setting" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 3896. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083896

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