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Open AccessArticle

Prevalence and Predictors of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Serum Levels among Members of a Suburban US Volunteer Fire Department

1
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Rutgers School of Public Health, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08854, USA
2
Rutgers Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08854, USA
3
Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA
4
Environmental and Chemical Laboratory Services, New Jersey Department of Health, Trenton, NJ 08628, USA
5
School of Public Health, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
6
Department of Medicine, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ 08903, USA
7
Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3730; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073730
Received: 8 March 2021 / Revised: 26 March 2021 / Accepted: 29 March 2021 / Published: 2 April 2021
Background: Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), are ubiquitous pollutants associated with adverse health outcomes. High PFAS levels have been demonstrated among career firefighters; less is known about PFAS levels among volunteer firefighters who comprise two-thirds of US firefighters. Methods: Volunteer fire department members completed a survey and provided blood samples. We calculated geometric means and 95% CIs for PFAS reported by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). We compared PFAS distribution and levels among non-Hispanic white adult male study participants to those in the 2015–2016 and 2017–2018 NHANES cycles. We assessed associations between PFAS serum levels and years of firefighting controlling demographics and occupation using linear regression. Results: Participant’s average age was 46.6 years (sd. 17.1). Perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA) was detected in almost half study but <3% of NHANES participants; serum levels of PFDoA, perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) were elevated among participants compared with NHANES. Serum levels of both PFDA and PFDoA were positively associated with years of firefighting. Conclusions: Volunteer firefighters may have a different serum profile and levels of PFAS than the general population. Future work in this area should include volunteer firefighters from other geographic locations and assess sources of PFAS exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS); volunteer firefighters; PFAS prevalence per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS); volunteer firefighters; PFAS prevalence
MDPI and ACS Style

Graber, J.M.; Black, T.M.; Shah, N.N.; Caban-Martinez, A.J.; Lu, S.-e.; Brancard, T.; Yu, C.H.; Turyk, M.E.; Black, K.; Steinberg, M.B.; Fan, Z.; Burgess, J.L. Prevalence and Predictors of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Serum Levels among Members of a Suburban US Volunteer Fire Department. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3730. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073730

AMA Style

Graber JM, Black TM, Shah NN, Caban-Martinez AJ, Lu S-e, Brancard T, Yu CH, Turyk ME, Black K, Steinberg MB, Fan Z, Burgess JL. Prevalence and Predictors of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Serum Levels among Members of a Suburban US Volunteer Fire Department. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3730. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073730

Chicago/Turabian Style

Graber, Judith M.; Black, Taylor M.; Shah, Nimit N.; Caban-Martinez, Alberto J.; Lu, Shou-en; Brancard, Troy; Yu, Chang H.; Turyk, Mary E.; Black, Kathleen; Steinberg, Michael B.; Fan, Zhihua; Burgess, Jefferey L. 2021. "Prevalence and Predictors of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Serum Levels among Members of a Suburban US Volunteer Fire Department" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 7: 3730. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073730

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