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Article

Precarious Essential Work, Immigrant Dairy Farmworkers, and Occupational Health Experiences in Vermont

1
Bindu Panikkar, Environmental Studies Program and the Rubenstein School of the Environment and Natural Resources, University of Vermont, 81 Carrigan Dr., Burlington, VT 05405, USA
2
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Vermont, 146 University Place, Morril Hall, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Claudio Colosio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3675; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073675
Received: 19 February 2021 / Revised: 17 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 1 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Occupational Health and Occupational Exposure)
Migrant dairy workers in Vermont face a wide range of occupational and health hazards at work. This research examines the environmental risks, occupational health hazards, and health outcomes experienced by migrant dairy farm workers in Vermont. This research draws on a triangulation of sources including analysis of data—surveys and interviews with migrant dairy farmworkers gathered by the organization Migrant Justice since 2015 as well as relevant key informant interviews with community organizations across the state to characterize the occupational health experiences of migrant dairy workers in Vermont. Our results show that Vermont migrant dairy farmworkers received poor health and safety training and lacked sufficient protective gear. Over three quarters of the respondents reported experiencing harm from chemical and biological risks. Close to half the survey respondents reported headaches, itchy eyes and cough; a quarter reported breathing difficulties; three fourths reported being hurt by animal-related risks. These exposures and existing health concerns are avoidable. Migrant workers require better social representation and advocates to negotiate better work-related protection and training, access to health services, and social welfare to ensure their health and safety. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy workers; immigrant farmworkers; occupational health; precarious work; essential worker dairy workers; immigrant farmworkers; occupational health; precarious work; essential worker
MDPI and ACS Style

Panikkar, B.; Barrett, M.-K. Precarious Essential Work, Immigrant Dairy Farmworkers, and Occupational Health Experiences in Vermont. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073675

AMA Style

Panikkar B, Barrett M-K. Precarious Essential Work, Immigrant Dairy Farmworkers, and Occupational Health Experiences in Vermont. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073675

Chicago/Turabian Style

Panikkar, Bindu, and Mary-Kate Barrett. 2021. "Precarious Essential Work, Immigrant Dairy Farmworkers, and Occupational Health Experiences in Vermont" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073675

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