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Open AccessArticle

Life Expectancy of the Ethnically Mixed: Register-Based Evidence from Native Finns

Demography Unit, Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Åbo Akademi University, P.O. Box 311, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland
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Academic Editors: Jimmy T. Efird and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3415; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073415
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 9 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
As the ethnic composition around the world is becoming more diverse, the need to produce vital statistics for ethnically mixed populations is continuously increasing. Our aim is to provide the first life expectancy estimates for individuals with uniform Finnish, uniform Swedish, and mixed Finnish-Swedish backgrounds, based on individuals in the native population of Finland who can be linked to both their parents. Life expectancy at birth in the period 2005–2015 was calculated from population and mortality numbers at the one-year level based on each person’s sex, year of birth, and the unique ethnolinguistic affiliation of the index person and each parent. Swedish-registered individuals with Swedish-registered parents had the longest life expectancy at birth, or 85.68 years (95% CI: 85.60–85.77) for females and 81.36 for males (95% CI: 81.30–81.42), as compared to 84.76 years (95% CI: 84.72–84.79) and 78.89 years (95% CI: 78.86–78.92) for Finnish-registered females and males with Finnish-registered parents. Persons with mixed backgrounds were found in between those with uniform Finnish and uniform Swedish backgrounds. An individual’s own ethnolinguistic affiliation is nevertheless more important for longevity than parental affiliation. Similar register-based analyses for other countries with mixed populations would be useful. View Full-Text
Keywords: life expectancy; ethnicity; mixed heritage; population registers; native groups; Finland life expectancy; ethnicity; mixed heritage; population registers; native groups; Finland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Reini, K.; Saarela, J. Life Expectancy of the Ethnically Mixed: Register-Based Evidence from Native Finns. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073415

AMA Style

Reini K, Saarela J. Life Expectancy of the Ethnically Mixed: Register-Based Evidence from Native Finns. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073415

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reini, Kaarina; Saarela, Jan. 2021. "Life Expectancy of the Ethnically Mixed: Register-Based Evidence from Native Finns" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 7: 3415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073415

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