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Article

A Clinical Bridge between Family Caregivers and Older Adults: The Contribution of Patients’ Frailty and Optimism on Caregiver Burden

1
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy
2
Department of Social and Educational Sciences of the Mediterranean Area, “Dante Alighieri” University for Foreigners of Reggio Calabria, 89125 Reggio Calabria, Italy
3
Unit of Statistical and Mathematical Science, Department of Economics, University of Messina, 98123 Messina, Italy
4
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, School and Unit of Geriatrics, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mercedes Guilabert Mora, Virtudes Pérez-Jover and Irene Carrillo Murcia
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3406; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073406
Received: 3 March 2021 / Revised: 23 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
The association between caregiver burden and the physical frailty of older adults has been the object of previous studies. The contribution of patients’ dispositional optimism on caregiver burden is a poorly investigated topic. The present study aimed at investigating whether older adults’ multidimensional frailty and optimism might contribute to the burden of their family caregivers. The Caregiver Burden Inventory was used to measure the care-related burden of caregivers. The multidimensional frailty status of each patient was evaluated by calculating a frailty index, and the revised Life Orientation Test was used to evaluate patients’ dispositional optimism. The study involved eighty family caregivers (mean age 64.28 ± 8.6) and eighty older patients (mean age 80.45 ± 7.13). Our results showed that higher frailty status and lower levels of optimism among patients were significantly associated with higher levels of overall burden and higher burden related to the restriction of personal time among caregivers. Patients’ frailty was additionally associated with caregivers’ greater feelings of failure, physical stress, role conflicts, and embarrassment. Understanding the close connection between patient-related factors and the burden of caregivers appears to be an actual challenge with significant clinical, social, and public health implications. View Full-Text
Keywords: caregiver burden; clinical psychology; dispositional optimism; family caregiver; frailty; older adults caregiver burden; clinical psychology; dispositional optimism; family caregiver; frailty; older adults
MDPI and ACS Style

Sardella, A.; Lenzo, V.; Alibrandi, A.; Catalano, A.; Corica, F.; Quattropani, M.C.; Basile, G. A Clinical Bridge between Family Caregivers and Older Adults: The Contribution of Patients’ Frailty and Optimism on Caregiver Burden. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073406

AMA Style

Sardella A, Lenzo V, Alibrandi A, Catalano A, Corica F, Quattropani MC, Basile G. A Clinical Bridge between Family Caregivers and Older Adults: The Contribution of Patients’ Frailty and Optimism on Caregiver Burden. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073406

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sardella, Alberto, Vittorio Lenzo, Angela Alibrandi, Antonino Catalano, Francesco Corica, Maria C. Quattropani, and Giorgio Basile. 2021. "A Clinical Bridge between Family Caregivers and Older Adults: The Contribution of Patients’ Frailty and Optimism on Caregiver Burden" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073406

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