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Article

Suicide among Polish Adolescents—A 20 Year Analysis

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
2
Institute of Process Engineering, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
3
Department of Surgical Medicine, with the Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Collegium Medicum, Jan Kochanowski University, 25-369 Kielce, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3190; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063190
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 5 March 2021 / Accepted: 14 March 2021 / Published: 19 March 2021
Background: The study aimed to analyze the burden and territorial diversification of adolescent suicide and the link between suicide attempts and selected socioeconomic variables in Poland. Methods: Rates of suicide by voivodeships for years 1999–2019 were obtained from the General Police Headquarters of Poland database. The burden of premature death was expressed in years of life lost (YLL) and costs of lost productivity, which were estimated using the human capital approach. The link between suicide rates and socioeconomic determinants has been analyzed with Pearson’s correlation coefficient. Results: Over the analyzed period, an increase in suicide attempt rates and a decrease in suicide death rates have been observed. Mean YLL and costs of lost productivity per year amounted to 11,982 and 153,172,415 PLN, respectively. Territorial diversification in suicide attempt rates corresponds to the living condition, poverty, association-based capital, and satisfaction with family situation in individual voivodeships. The number of deaths due to suicide is negatively correlated with an indicator of good living conditions. Conclusions: Our findings provide quantitative evidence of the national impact of suicide and suggest that addressing social capital and poverty may have a role in preventing adolescent mortality due to suicide. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide; Poland; burden of disease; years of life lost; premature mortality costs; socioeconomic determinants suicide; Poland; burden of disease; years of life lost; premature mortality costs; socioeconomic determinants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Orlewska, K.; Orlewski, P.; Klusek, J. Suicide among Polish Adolescents—A 20 Year Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3190. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063190

AMA Style

Orlewska K, Orlewski P, Klusek J. Suicide among Polish Adolescents—A 20 Year Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):3190. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063190

Chicago/Turabian Style

Orlewska, Katarzyna, Pawel Orlewski, and Justyna Klusek. 2021. "Suicide among Polish Adolescents—A 20 Year Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 3190. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063190

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