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Article

Heavy Metal Contamination in an Industrially Affected River Catchment Basin: Assessment, Effects, and Mitigation

1
Scientific Center of Zoology and Hydroecology, National Academy of Sciences of Republic of Armenia, Yerevan 0014, Armenia
2
Office of Applied Research, International Clean Water Institute, Manassas, VA 20112, USA
3
Biomedical Engineering and Nanotechnologies Institute, Riga Technical University, 1658 Riga, Latvia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jimmy T. Efrid
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2881; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062881
Received: 6 February 2021 / Revised: 6 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 11 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
The concentrations of some heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Mo, Pb, Cd) were measured in river waters, macrozoobenthos, and fish (Kura scrapers) from one of the most developed mining areas in Armenia, the Debed River catchment basin. In order to assess heavy metal contamination and its hydro-ecological and health effects, the macrozoobenthos quantitative and qualitative parameters, geo-accumulation index, and hazard index were determined. Microalgal extraction experiments were conducted to assess the microalgal remediation efficiency for heavy metal removal from mining wastewaters. The results showed that the rivers in many sites were polluted with different heavy metals induced by mining activities, which adversely affected macrozoobenthos growth and caused human health risks in the case of waters used for drinking purposes. However, the river fish, particularly Kura scrapers, were determined to be safe for consumption by the local people, as per the conditions of the evaluated fish ingestion rate. The results have shown that microalgal remediation, particularly with Desmodesmus abundans M3456, can be used for the efficient removal ~(62–100%) of certain emerging contaminants (Mn, Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd) from mining wastewater discharged in the Debed catchment basin. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy metal; contamination; catchment basin; assessment; mitigation; public health heavy metal; contamination; catchment basin; assessment; mitigation; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gevorgyan, G.; Mamyan, A.; Boshyan, T.; Vardanyan, T.; Vaseashta, A. Heavy Metal Contamination in an Industrially Affected River Catchment Basin: Assessment, Effects, and Mitigation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2881. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062881

AMA Style

Gevorgyan G, Mamyan A, Boshyan T, Vardanyan T, Vaseashta A. Heavy Metal Contamination in an Industrially Affected River Catchment Basin: Assessment, Effects, and Mitigation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2881. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062881

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gevorgyan, Gor, Armine Mamyan, Tatevik Boshyan, Tigran Vardanyan, and Ashok Vaseashta. 2021. "Heavy Metal Contamination in an Industrially Affected River Catchment Basin: Assessment, Effects, and Mitigation" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2881. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062881

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