Next Article in Journal
Effect of Ball Screen and One-on-One on the Level of Opposition and Effectiveness of Shots in the ACB
Previous Article in Journal
Headache as an Adverse Reaction to the Use of Medication in the Elderly: A Pharmacovigilance Study
Article

Evaluating Consumer Nutrition Environment in Food Deserts and Food Swamps

by 1,* and 2
1
School of Geosciences, University of South Florida, 4202 E Fowler Ave, Tampa, FL 33620, USA
2
Department of Geography, Texas State University, 601 University Dr., San Marcos, TX 78666, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2675; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052675
Received: 16 January 2021 / Revised: 11 February 2021 / Accepted: 4 March 2021 / Published: 7 March 2021
This research examines the consumer nutrition environment in the selected neighborhoods identified as food deserts, food swamps, and food oases in Austin, Texas, by considering food availability, food price, food quality, and food labeling. A food auditing instrument M-TxNEA-S (He Jin, San Marcos, TX, USA) was developed to capture the unique dietary culture and food preferences in Texas. A total of 93 food items in 14 grocery stores and supermarkets (GS) and 32 convenience stores (CS) were surveyed. The GS in food swamps and food oases were found to offer significantly more healthy foods than the CS. The availability of healthy food in the GS in the food swamps and food oases is significantly higher than that of the GS from the food deserts; CS in the three neighborhoods did not exhibit a significant difference in healthy food availability. There was no significant difference between the price for the healthy items (lower fat, lower calorie, and whole grain) and that for the regular food options. No significant difference was found for food quality or food labeling between the stores from the different types of neighborhoods. The GS in food deserts are small grocery stores carrying limited ranges of foods. The establishment of larger food stores in the food deserts might not be very rewarding, but opening more small grocery stores with healthier options may alleviate food issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: convenience stores; food insecurity; grocery stores and supermarkets convenience stores; food insecurity; grocery stores and supermarkets
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jin, H.; Lu, Y. Evaluating Consumer Nutrition Environment in Food Deserts and Food Swamps. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052675

AMA Style

Jin H, Lu Y. Evaluating Consumer Nutrition Environment in Food Deserts and Food Swamps. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052675

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jin, He, and Yongmei Lu. 2021. "Evaluating Consumer Nutrition Environment in Food Deserts and Food Swamps" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052675

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop