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Article

Influence of Teacher and Family Support on University Student Motivation and Engagement

1
Developmental and Educational Psychology, Universitat de València, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Developmental and Educational Psychology, Universitat Jaume I, 12071 Castellón, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2606; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052606
Received: 23 January 2021 / Revised: 26 February 2021 / Accepted: 28 February 2021 / Published: 5 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Adolescents)
Although many studies endorse the notion that the way students perceive support influences their engagement, very few have explored the possible mediator role of intention to learn between these variables. The present work provides new evidence to the existing literature because it analyses the work of intention to learn (measured with expectancy–value beliefs and achievement goals) as a mediating motivational variable in the relation between university students’ external support (teacher and family) and their engagement. The Educational Situation Quality Model (MOCSE, its acronym in Spanish) has employed as a theoretical framework to perform this analysis. A sample of 267 Spanish university students completed the questionnaires employed to measure the considered variables at three times. They answered teacher and family support scales when the course began (time 1), intention to learn scales halfway through the course (time 2), and engagement scales when the course ended (time 3). The obtained structural equation models showed a positive and significant effect for teacher and family support on the considered motivational variables (expectancy–value beliefs and achievement goals) and these, in turn, on student behavioral engagement. These results allow us to point out a series of recommendations for university teachers to improve their students’ involvement in their learning process. View Full-Text
Keywords: teaching support; family support; expectancy beliefs; value beliefs; achievement goals; student engagement teaching support; family support; expectancy beliefs; value beliefs; achievement goals; student engagement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Descals-Tomás, A.; Rocabert-Beut, E.; Abellán-Roselló, L.; Gómez-Artiga, A.; Doménech-Betoret, F. Influence of Teacher and Family Support on University Student Motivation and Engagement. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2606. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052606

AMA Style

Descals-Tomás A, Rocabert-Beut E, Abellán-Roselló L, Gómez-Artiga A, Doménech-Betoret F. Influence of Teacher and Family Support on University Student Motivation and Engagement. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2606. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052606

Chicago/Turabian Style

Descals-Tomás, Adela, Esperanza Rocabert-Beut, Laura Abellán-Roselló, Amparo Gómez-Artiga, and Fernando Doménech-Betoret. 2021. "Influence of Teacher and Family Support on University Student Motivation and Engagement" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2606. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052606

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