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Article

The Effect of a Voice-Centered Psycho-Educational Program on Maternal Self-Efficacy: A Feasibility Study

1
Boyer College of Music and Dance, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
2
Center for Music in the Brain, Aarhus University, 8000 Aalborg, Denmark
3
Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 0G4, Canada
4
Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths University of London, London SE14 6NW, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Denotes joint first authorship.
Academic Editor: Mark Ettenberger
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2537; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052537
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 26 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 4 March 2021
This study examined the effect of a brief psycho-educational program, Time Together, on maternal self-efficacy, mother-infant bonding, and mood/anxiety for community-based mothers. This program centered on maternal voice, timing of interplay, and recognition of infant cues. A convergent parallel mixed-methods design included quantitative measures: the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale, the Mother-Infant Bonding Scale, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and State & Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a sequential qualitative analysis to elaborate on the quantitative findings. Significant changes on the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale were found. Qualitative analysis of the participant interviews and reflective diaries from the two weeks following the psycho-educational program confirmed that participation enhanced mothers’ ability to understand their infant, to soothe their infant when distressed, to play and to establish an effective bedtime routine. This feasibility study indicated that this is a promising approach to improve early mother-infant interaction and maternal self-efficacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: maternal self-efficacy; contingent singing; music; community-based intervention; feasibility trial maternal self-efficacy; contingent singing; music; community-based intervention; feasibility trial
MDPI and ACS Style

Shoemark, H.; Dahlstrøm, M.; Bedford, O.; Stewart, L. The Effect of a Voice-Centered Psycho-Educational Program on Maternal Self-Efficacy: A Feasibility Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052537

AMA Style

Shoemark H, Dahlstrøm M, Bedford O, Stewart L. The Effect of a Voice-Centered Psycho-Educational Program on Maternal Self-Efficacy: A Feasibility Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052537

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shoemark, Helen, Marie Dahlstrøm, Oscar Bedford, and Lauren Stewart. 2021. "The Effect of a Voice-Centered Psycho-Educational Program on Maternal Self-Efficacy: A Feasibility Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052537

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