Next Article in Journal
Mechanisms of Impact of Blue Spaces on Human Health: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Response of the Cardiac Autonomic Control to Exposure to Nanoparticles and Noise: A Cross-Sectional Study of Airport Ground Staff
Article

Outdoor Activity Participation Improves Adolescents’ Mental Health and Well-Being during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology Program, College of Natural Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
2
Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management, College of Natural Resources, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2506; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052506
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 27 February 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
COVID-19 is reshaping human interactions with the natural environment, potentially generating profound consequences for health and well-being. To assess the effects of COVID-19 on the outdoor recreation participation and subjective well-being of adolescents, as well as how participation in outdoor activities may mitigate declines in subjective well-being, we used a Qualtrics XM panel to conduct a nationally representative survey of youth ages 10–18 across the United States (n = 624) between 30 April and 15 June 2020. Survey questions focused on frequency of participation in outdoor activities before and during the pandemic, as well as changes in subjective well-being. Paired t-tests revealed decreases in both outdoor recreation participation (64% reported declines) and subjective well-being (52% reported declines). A regression model examining correlates of changes in subjective well-being (R2 = 0.42) revealed strong associations with changes in outdoor play (B = 0.44, p < 0.001) and nature-based (B = 0.21, p = 0.016) activities. Adolescents’ from all backgrounds who participated in these activities during the pandemic reported smaller declines in subjective well-being. Results highlight the critical role that time outdoors and time in nature play in bolstering adolescents’ resilience to stressors such as the COVID-19 pandemic and underscore the need to facilitate outdoor recreation opportunities for youth during times of crisis. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; adolescents; subjective well-being; resilience; mental health; outdoor activities COVID-19; adolescents; subjective well-being; resilience; mental health; outdoor activities
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jackson, S.B.; Stevenson, K.T.; Larson, L.R.; Peterson, M.N.; Seekamp, E. Outdoor Activity Participation Improves Adolescents’ Mental Health and Well-Being during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2506. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052506

AMA Style

Jackson SB, Stevenson KT, Larson LR, Peterson MN, Seekamp E. Outdoor Activity Participation Improves Adolescents’ Mental Health and Well-Being during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2506. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052506

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jackson, S. B., Kathryn T. Stevenson, Lincoln R. Larson, M. N. Peterson, and Erin Seekamp. 2021. "Outdoor Activity Participation Improves Adolescents’ Mental Health and Well-Being during the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2506. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052506

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop