Keeping Safe on Australian Roads: Overview of Key Determinants of Risky Driving, Passenger Injury, and Fatalities for Indigenous Populations
2. The Issue
3. Systemic Barriers to Safe Driving in Indigenous Communities
“It wouldn’t have been so bad if they weren’t piled in the back of the tray but that’s what happens out here. You all pile in. It’s no big deal—everybody does it and the cops don’t worry.”
“… We were just unlucky—this is part of our ritual and usually nothing goes wrong.” (p. 10)
4. Passenger Safety in Indigenous Communities
4.1. Indigenous Passengers
4.2. Passenger Behaviour—Seatbelt Use
“… If we’re not going far, we don’t worry…”(p. 6)
“… We didn’t have our belts on either—seemed silly to put them on for a couple of streets…”(p. 7)
“A whole crew of us were piled into the work ute heading back… I had hit some loose gravel… A couple of boys in the tray were thrown out. One flew through the air like a rag doll.”(p. 7)
“… Our mate pulled up in his ute and we all jumped in the tray-back and he rolled it on the next corner.”(p. 7)
4.3. Passenger Behaviour—Child Restraints
4.4. Passenger Behaviour—Overcrowding
5. Critical Evaluations of Previous Strategies
5.1. Buckle Up Safely
5.2. Bring the Mob Home Safely
5.3. Other, Smaller Strategies
6. Directions for Future Research
6.1. Theory-Driven Messaging
6.2. The Nexus Between Western Approaches to Learning and Indigenous Ways of Knowing, Being, and Doing
6.3. A Novel Solution: Immersive Technology as a Learning Tool
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Pammer, K.; Freire, M.; Gauld, C.; Towney, N. Keeping Safe on Australian Roads: Overview of Key Determinants of Risky Driving, Passenger Injury, and Fatalities for Indigenous Populations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2446. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052446
Pammer K, Freire M, Gauld C, Towney N. Keeping Safe on Australian Roads: Overview of Key Determinants of Risky Driving, Passenger Injury, and Fatalities for Indigenous Populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2446. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052446Chicago/Turabian Style
Pammer, Kristen, Melissa Freire, Cassandra Gauld, and Nathan Towney. 2021. "Keeping Safe on Australian Roads: Overview of Key Determinants of Risky Driving, Passenger Injury, and Fatalities for Indigenous Populations" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2446. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052446